Note: Not guaranteed to come with supplemental materials (access cards, study guides, lab manuals, CDs, etc.)
Extend Your Rental at Any Time
Need to keep your rental past your due date? At any time before your due date you can extend or purchase your rental through your account.
Sorry, this item is currently unavailable.
Praised for its unique combination of accessibility and comprehensiveness, Philosophy: The Quest for Truth is one of the best-selling textbooks for the introduction to philosophy course. Now in its eighth edition, this acclaimed text provides an excellent selection of eighty-nine classical and contemporary readings on nineteen key problems in philosophy. Coeditors Louis P. Pojman and Lewis Vaughn have carefully organized the essays so that they present pro/con dialogues that allow students to compare and contrast the philosophers' positions. Topics covered include the nature of philosophy, logic, the existence of God, immortality, knowledge, the mind-body question, personal identity, free will and determinism, ethics, political philosophy, the meaning of life, abortion, capital punishment, global ethics, and animal rights. Each of the eighty-nine readings is accompanied by study questions, end-of-reading reflective questions, and an individual introduction featuring a biographical sketch of the philosopher. A detailed glossary of key terms and an appendix on reading and writing philosophy papers--both revised and updated in this edition--further enhance the text's pedagogical value. In addition, each major section opens with a substantial introduction and ends with a short bibliography. NEW TO THIS EDITION: * Eleven new selections from Plato, David Hume, Wesley C. Salmon, Ned Block, Buddhist scripture, Peter van Inwagen, Louis P. Pojman, Virginia Held, Julian Baggini, Peter Singer, and Garrett Hardin * Two new sections: "Induction" in Part III: Knowledge and "Do We Have Obligations to the Poor and Hungry?" in Part IX: Contemporary Moral Problems * An expanded "A Little Bit of Logic" section that offers students more help in identifying and evaluating arguments * Boldfaced key terms, listed at the end of most parts and collected and defined in the fully revised glossary * A revised and expanded appendix on "How to Read and Write Philosophy Papers" * A Time Line highlighting the philosophers included in the text An Instructor's Manual and Testbank on CD includes sample syllabi, selection summaries, a list of key terms with definitions, helpful web links, and multiple-choice, true/false, and essay questions on each reading. A Companion Website at www.oup.com/us/pojman contains all the material from the Instructor's Manual and Testbank along with student resources including essay questions, interactive quizzes, flashcards, and additional web links.
The late Louis P. Pojman was Professor of Philosophy at the United States Military Academy at West Point. He is the author or editor of more than thirty books including Classics of Philosophy, Third Edition (OUP, 2010) and The Moral Life, Fourth Edition (OUP, 2010).
Lewis Vaughn is the author or coauthor of several books, including Contemporary Moral Arguments (OUP, 2010), The Power of Critical Thinking, Third Edition (OUP, 2009), Doing Philosophy, Fourth Edition (2009), Bioethics (OUP, 2008), and Writing Philosophy (OUP, 2005).
Table of Contents
Each part opens with an Introduction and ends with Key Terms (new to this edition) and Suggestions for Further Reading. *=New to this edition Preface * Time Line I. WHAT IS PHILOSOPHY? 1. Plato: Socratic Wisdom * 2. Plato: The Allegory of the Cave 3. John Locke: Of Enthusiasm and the Quest for Truth 4. Bertrand Russell: The Value of Philosophy Excursus: A Little Bit of Logic Deductive and Inductive Reasoning Inference to the Best Explanation * Identifying Arguments Some Applications Fallacies of Reasoning Exercises in Critical Reasoning Study and Discussion Questions II. PHILOSOPHY OF RELIGION II.A. Is Belief in God Rationally Justified? Arguments for the Existence of God The Cosmological Argument Pro 5. Thomas Aquinas: The Five Ways 6. William Lane Craig: The Kalam Cosmological Argument and the Anthropic Principle Contra 7. Paul Edwards: A Critique of the Cosmological Argument The Teleological Argument Pro 8. William Paley: The Watch and the Watchmaker Contra 9. David Hume: A Critique of the Teleological Argument The Ontological Argument Pro et Contra 10. St. Anselm and Gaunilo: The Ontological Argument 11. William Rowe: An Analysis of the Ontological Argument II.B. Why Is There Evil? 12. Fyodor Dostoevsky: Why Is There Evil? 13. B.C. Johnson: Why Doesn't God Intervene to Prevent Evil? 14. John Hick: There Is a Reason Why God Allows Evil II.C. Is Faith Compatible with Reason? 15. Blaise Pascal: Yes, Faith Is a Logical Bet 16. W.K. Clifford: The Ethics of Belief 17. William James: The Will to Believe 18. Antony Flew, R.M. Hare, and Basil Mitchell: A Debate on the Rationality of Religious Belief 19. Alvin Plantinga: Religious Belief Without Evidence 20. Søren Kierkegaard: Faith and Truth 21. Michael Martin: Holy Spirit Epistemology 22. Bertrand Russell: Can Religion Cure Our Troubles? III. KNOWLEDGE III.A. What Can We Know? Classical Theories of Knowledge 23. René Descartes: Cartesian Doubt and the Search for Foundational Knowledge 24. John Locke: The Empiricist Theory of Knowledge 25. George Berkeley: An Idealist Theory of Knowledge 26. David Hume: The Origin of Our Ideas 27. John Hospers: An Argument Against Skepticism III.B. Truth, Rationality, and Cognitive Relativism 28. Bertrand Russell: The Correspondence Theory of Truth 29. William James: The Pragmatic Theory of Truth 30. Richard Rorty: Dismantling Truth: Solidarity versus Objectivity 31. Daniel Dennett: Postmodernism and Truth 32. Harvey Siegel: Relativism * III.C. Induction * 33. David Hume: Skeptical Doubts Concerning the Operations of the Understanding * 34. Wesley C. Salmon: The Problem of Induction IV. PHILOSOPHY OF MIND: THE MIND-BODY PROBLEM IV.A. What Am I? A Mind or a Body? 35. René Descartes: Substance Dualism 36. Gilbert Ryle: Exorcising Descartes' "Ghost in the Machine" 37. J.P. Moreland: A Contemporary Defense of Dualism 38. Paul Churchland: On Functionalism and Materialism 39. Thomas Nagel: What Is It Like to Be a Bat? 40. Jerry A. Fodor: The Mind-Body Problem 41. David Chalmers: Property Dualism 42. John Searle: Minds, Brains, and Computers * 43. Ned Block: Troubles with Functionalism IV.B. Who Am I? Do We Have Personal Identity? 44. John Locke: Our Psychological Properties Define the Self 45. David Hume: We Have No Substantial Self with Which We Are Identical * 46. Buddhist Scripture: Questions to King Milinda IV.C. Is There Life after Death? Am I Immortal? 47. Plato: Arguments for the Immortality of the Soul 48. Paul Edwards: An Argument Against Survival: The Dependence of Consciousness on the Brain 49. John Hick: In Defense of Immortality V. FREEDOM OF THE WILL AND DETERMINISM Contra 50. Baron d'Holbach: We Are Completely Determined Pro 51. William James: The Dilemma of Determinism * 52. Peter van Inwagen: The Powers of Rational Beings: Freedom of the Will 53. Roderick M. Chisholm: Human Freedom and the Self Pro et Contra 54. W.T. Stace: Compatibilism 55. Harry Frankfurt: Freedom of the Will and the Concept of a Person 56. David Hume: Liberty and Necessity Contra 57. Richard Taylor: Fate VI. ETHICS VI.A. Are There Any Moral Absolutes or Is Morality Completely Relative? 58. Ruth Benedict: Morality Is Relative 59. James Rachels: Morality Is Not Relative VI.B. Ethics and Egoism: Why Should We Be Moral? 60. Plato: Why Should I Be Moral?: Gyges' Ring and Socrates' Dilemma 61. Louis P. Pojman: Egoism and Altruism: A Critique of Ayn Rand VI.C. Which Is the Correct Ethical Theory? 62. Aristotle: The Ethics of Virtue * 63. Virginia Held: The Ethics of Care 64. Immanuel Kant: The Moral Law 65. John Stuart Mill: Utilitarianism 66. Jean-Paul Sartre: Existentialist Ethics 67. James Rachels: The Divine Command Theory VII. POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY 68. Robert Paul Wolff: In Defense of Anarchism 69. Thomas Hobbes: The Absolutist Answer: The Justification of the State Is the Security It Affords 70. John Locke: The Democratic Answer: The Justification of the State Is Its Promotion of Security and Natural Human Rights 71. John Stuart Mill: A Classical Liberal Answer: Government Must Promote Freedom 72. John Rawls: The Contemporary Liberal Answer VIII. WHAT IS THE MEANING OF LIFE? 73. Epicurus: Moderate Hedonism 74. Epictetus: Stoicism: Enchiridion 75. Albert Camus: Life Is Absurd * 76. Julian Baggini: Living Life Forwards 77. Louis P. Pojman: Religion Gives Meaning to Life 78. Thomas Nagel: The Absurd 79. Bertrand Russell: Reflections on Suffering IX. CONTEMPORARY MORAL PROBLEMS IX.A. Is Abortion Morally Permissible? Contra 80. Don Marquis: Why Abortion Is Immoral Pro 81. Mary Anne Warren: On the Moral and Legal Status of Abortion 82. Judith Jarvis Thomson: A Defense of Abortion Pro et Contra 83. Jane English: The Moderate Position: Beyond the Personhood Argument IX.B. Is the Death Penalty Morally Permissible? Pro 84. Burton Leiser: The Death Penalty Is Permissible Contra 85. Hugo Adam Bedau: No, the Death Penalty Is Not Morally Permissible IX.C. Do Animals Have Rights? Pro 86. Peter Singer: The Case for Animal Liberation Contra 87. Carl Cohen: The Case Against Animal Rights * IX.D. Do We Have Obligations to the Poor and Hungry? Pro * 88. Peter Singer: Famine, Affluence and Morality Contra * 89. Garrett Hardin: Living on a Lifeboat Appendix: How to Read and Write a Philosophy Paper Glossary