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The Heritage of Chinese Civilization, Third Edition, offers students a clear and concise single-volume narrative covering all of the major periods of Chinese history.The text is organized chronologically and features brief yet penetrating analysis to provide a comprehensive introductory overview of Chinese history from its origins through the present.For survey courses in the History of Asia and the History of China.
Albert M. Craig is the Harvard-Yenching Research Professor of History Emeritus at Harvard University, where he has taught since 1959. A graduate of Northwestern University, he received his Ph.D. at Harvard University. He has studied at Strasbourg University and at Kyoto, Keio, and Tokyo universities in Japan. He is the author of Choshu in the Meiji Restoration (1961), The Heritage of Japanese Civilization (2011), and, with others, of East Asia, Tradition and Transformation (1989). He is the editor of Japan, A Comparative View (1973) and co-editor of Personality in Japanese History (1970), Civilization and
Enlightnment: the Early Thought of Fukuzawa Yukichi (2009). He was the director of the Harvard-Yenching Institute. He has also been a visiting professor at Kyoto and Tokyo universities. He has received Guggenheim, Fulbright, and Japan Foundation Fellowships. In 1988 he was awarded the Order of the Rising Sun by the Japanese government.
Table of Contents
Maps Documents Preface
CHAPTER ONE: EARLY CHINA Origins: Old and New Stone Ages Early Bronze Age: Shang Later Bronze Age: Western Zhou Iron Age: Eastern Zhou Iron Age: Birth of Chinese Philosophy Confucianism Daoism Legalism Early Chinese Thought in Historical Perspective
CHAPTER TWO: CHINA’S FIRST EMPIRE (221 BC–220 AD) AND ITS AFTERMATH (220—589 AD) Qin Unification of China Former Han Dynasty (206 B.C.—8 A.D.) The Dynastic Cycle Early Years of the Former Han Dynasty Han Wudi Xiongnu Government During the Former Han The Silk Road Decline and Usurpation Later Han (25—220 A.D.) and Its Aftermath (220—589 A.D.) First Century Decline During the Second Century Aftermath of Empire Han Thought and Religion Han Confucianism History Neo-Daoism Buddhism China’s First Empire in Historical Perspective
CHAPTER THREE: HIGH IMPERIAL CHINA (589—1368) Reestablishment of Empire: Sui (589—618) and Tang (618—907) Dynasties The Sui Dynasty The Tang Dynasty (618—907) Government The Empress Wu The Chang’an of Emperor Xuan Zong The Tang Empire Rebellion and Decline Tang Culture Song Dynasty (960—1279) Agricultural Revolution: From Serfs to Free Farmers Commercial Revolution Technology and Money Trade Government: From Aristocracy to Autocracy Song Culture Philosophy Poetry Painting Yuan Dynasty (1279—1368): China in the Mongol World Empire Rise of the Mongol Empire Mongol Rule in China Foreign Contacts and Chinese Culture Last Years of the Yuan Imperial China in Historical Perspective
CHAPTER FOUR: LATE IMPERIAL CHINA: THE MING (1368—1644) AND QING (1644—1912) DYNASTIES Economic Regions People China’s Third Commercial Revolution Women in the Commercial Revolution The Pattern of Ming Rule Emperors Officials Eunuchs Gentry Ming Foreign Relations The Pattern of Qing Rule Kangxi and Qianlong New Institutions Qing Foreign Relations Contacts with the West Ming-Qing Culture Late Imperial China in Historical Perspective
CHAPTER FIVE: MODERN CHINA (1839—1949) Close of Manchu Rule The Opium War and Its Aftermath (1839—1860) Rebellions Against the Dynasty (1850—1873) The Court at Beijing Regional Governments Treaty Ports The Borderlands The Northwest Vietnam Korea From Dynasty to Warlordism (1895—1926) Cultural and Ideological Ferment: The May Fourth Movement (1914—1920s) Nationalist China Guomindang Unification of China and the Nanjing Decade (1927—1937) War and Revolution (1937—1949) Modern China in Historical Perspective
CHAPTER SIX: CHINA, THE LAST HALF CENTURY
Mao’s China Consolidation The Soviet Model The Great Leap Forward The Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution (1965—1976) From Deng Xiaoping to the Present Political Development Economic Growth Social Change China and the World Taiwan Modern China in Historical Perspective