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A careful analysis of environmental factors is key to understanding the causes of crime, to solving crimes, and eventually helping to predict and prevent them. Classics in Environmental Criminologyis a comprehensive collection of seminal pieces from legendary contributors who focus on the role that the immediate environment plays in the occurrence of a crime. Defines the field Divided into three parts, the book begins by highlighting the development of environmental criminology as a discipline through its origins in spatial criminology. It examines social disorganization theory, which explains criminal activity with reference to the characteristics of the community that delinquents live in. It then discusses the ecology of crime with reference to macroenvironments and microenvironments. The next section introduces concepts such as routine activity theory, the geometric theory of crime, the rational choice theory of offending, and crime pattern theory. Offers perspectives on prevention The last part focuses on the concept of crime prevention, examines the idea of altering the environment in order to prevent crime, and discusses situational crime factors and efforts to reduce the opportunities for crimes to be committed. It considers the impact of routine activities on crime prevention initiatives and advocates a flexible approach to crime prevention based on the dynamic nature of our environment. The book concludes with a chapter outlining how environmental criminology has evolved in recent years and provides a future outlook on where it may be headed. Invaluable as a textbook and as a professional reference, this volume is a comprehensive survey of a critical field in contemporary criminological theory. Offering insight assembled by top academic figures within the criminology community, this work is destined to provoke further inquiry and research.
Table of Contents
A Note on the Texts
About the Editors
Early work on the Ecology of Crime
The Place of Environmental Criminology within Criminological Thought
Of the Development of the Propensity to Crime (1842)
Localities of crime in Suffolk (1856)
Juvenile Delinquency in a Small City (1916)
Juvenile Delinquency and Urban Areas: A Study of Rates of Delinquency in Relation to Differential Characteristics of Local Communities in American Cities (1969)
Urban Ecological Aspects of Crime in Akron (1974)
Intraurban Crime Patterns (1974)
Classics in Environmental Criminology
Social Change and Crime Rate Trends: A Routine Activity Approach (1979)
Routine Activities and Crime: An Analysis of Victimization in Canada (1990)
Notes on the Geometry of Crime (1981)
The Use of Space in Burglary (1985)
Nodes, Paths, and Edges: Considerations on the Complexity of Crime and the Physical Environment (1993)
Modeling Offenders' Decisions: A Framework for Research and Policy (1985)