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The book introduces the basic sociological concepts relevant to the study of dominant and subordinate relations, and gives a basic intellectual framework to approach this ever-changing and emotional facet of life in this country. This concise topical introduction to race and ethnicity in the U.S. explores prejudice, discrimination, immigration, ethnicity, and religion in their historical and current contexts. Professionals in politics, social work, human resources, and other professions related to the racial and ethnic climate of the U.S.
Table of Contents
Understanding Race and Ethnicity
What Is a Subordinate Group?
Types of Subordinate Groups
Listen to Their Voices: Problem of the Color-Line, W. E. B. DuBois
Social Construction of Race
Sociology and the Study of Race and Ethnicity
Stratification by Class and Gender
The Creation of Subordinate-Group Status
The Consequences of Subordinate-Group Status
The Pluralist Perspective
Who Am I?
Resistance and Change
Prejudice and Discrimination
Theories of Prejudice
Authoritarian Personality Theory
The Content of Prejudice: Stereotypes
The Extent of Prejudice
The Social Distance Scale
The Mood of the Subordinate Group
Listen to Their Voices: In Search of Bruce Lee's Grave, Shanlon Wu
Mass Media and Education
Television: A Case Study of the Media
Relative Versus Absolute Deprivation
Listen to Their Voices: Of Race and Risk, Patricia J. Williams
The Informal Economy
Affirmative Action Explained
The Glass Ceiling
Immigration and the United States
The Anti-Catholic Crusade
The Anti-Chinese Movement
Restrictionist Sentiment Increases
The National Origins System
Listen to Their Voices: Roots, Raffi Ishkanian
The 1965 Immigration and Naturalization Act
The Brain Drain
The Economic Impact of Immigration
Ethnicity and Religion
Why Don't We Study Whiteness?
Listen to Their Voices: When the Boats Arrived, Diane Glancy
The Rediscovery of Ethnicity
The Third-Generation Principle
The Price Paid by White Ethnics
Prejudice toward White Ethnic Groups
The Prejudice of Ethnics
Case Example: The Italian Americans
Ethnicity, Religion, and Social Class
Religion in the United States
Diversity among Roman Catholics
Diversity among Protestants
Women and Religion
Religion and the U.S. Supreme Court
Limits of Religious Freedom: The Amish
The Nation as a Kaleidoscope
The Glass Half Empty
Is There a Model Minority?
Talking Past One Another
Listen to Their Voices: A Bench by the Side of the Road, Toni Morrison
The Changing Face of the Workforce
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.
Race and ethnicity remain an important part of the national agenda in the United States. The relationships between racial and ethnic groups are not a static phenomenon, and although it is always a part of the social reality, specific aspects change. At that time of the first edition in 1995, the growing presence of Central Americans was duly noted. Today there is growing concern about the degree of acceptance of Arab Americans and Muslims in the United States, and collectively the number of Latinos now exceeds that of African Americans. Specific issues may change over time, but they continue to play out against a backdrop of discrimination that is rooted in the social structure and changing population composition, as influenced by immigration patterns and reproduction patterns. We continue to be reminded about the importance of the social construction of many aspects of racial and ethnic relations. What constitutes a race in terms of identity? What meaning do race and ethnicity have amid the growing number of interracial marriages and marriages across cultural boundaries? Beyond the spectrum of race and ethnicity, we see the socially constructed meaning attached to all religions as members debate who is the "true" keeper of the faith. The very issue of national identity is also a part of the agenda. The public and politicians alike ask, "How many immigrants can we accept?" and "How much should be done to make up for past discrimination?" We are also witnessing the emergence of race, ethnicity, and national identity as global issues. Changes in the Third. Edition As with all previous editions, every line, every source, and every number has been rechecked for its currency. We pride ourselves on providing the most current information possible to document the patterns in intergroup relations both in the United States and abroad. Relevant scholarly findings in a variety of disciplines including economics, anthropology, and communication sciences have been incorporated. The feat ture "Listen to Our Voices" appears in every chapter. These selections include excerpts from the writings or speeches of noted members of racial and ethnic groups such as W. E. B. DuBois and Helen Zia. Their writings will help students appreciate the emotional and the intellectual energies felt by subordinate groups. Those in bold print are new to this edition. Listen to Our Voices Problem of the ColorLine by W.E.B. DuBois (Chapter 1) National Media Should Stop Using Obscene WordsbyTim Giago(Chapter 2) When Work DisappearsbyWilliam Julius Wilson (Chapter 3) Leaving Cubaby Alfredo Jimenez (Chapter 4) When the Boats Arrivedby Diane Glancy (Chapter 5) Gangsters, Gooks, Geishas, and Geeksby Helen Zia (Chapter 6) In addition to four new Listen to Our Voices, the third edition includes the following additions and changes: New key terms such asrasylees(Chapter 4),globalization(Chapter 1),naturalization(Chapter 4),redlining(Chapter 3),social distance(chapter 3), andtransnationals(Chapter 4). Latest data from the census in the text material and illustrated in charts and maps throughout the book. The impact of September 11, 2001, on the Arab- and MuslimAmerican community (Chapter 2). A new section on how corporations attempt to address prejudice through diversity training (Chapter 2). A new section dealing with the global economy and its impact on immigration to the United States (Chapter 4). A separate section on the concept of "White privilege" (Chapter 5). In addition, tables, figures, maps, further readings, relevant journals, political cartoons, and Internet Exercises have been updated. The final chapter highlights other groups that have been t