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For courses in the History of Latin America and Modern Latin America. Organized thematically, this text offers a clear narrative that weaves the story of Latin America together with coverage of broader themes and regional differences. In addition to the great diversity within Latin America, there is also a common theme that encompasses the sweep of history in the region. The original author of the text, E. Bradford Burns, cast the problem as the paradox that poor people inhabit rich lands. The reason for this paradox is that a tiny group of elites confuses their nation's well-being with their own. When this text was first published in 1972, there were very few texts on Latin America, and the ones that existed largely read like catalogs of historical events. Although there are others now, this textbook is still a leader in the field because of its clear thematic organization and a central narrative that tells a cohesive story, albeit with many variations. Co-author Julie A. Charlip is committed to continuing the Burns legacy. Despite changes in research, interpretations, and theories, Burnsrs"s basic premise is still the most accurate and succinct, providing the best framework for approaching the region.
Table of Contents
List of Maps Preface Acknowledgments
Chapter 1: LAND AND PEOPLE The Land Latin America’s Environmental Woes The Indigenous The European The African Mestizaje and the Creation of New People ¿Latin? America Questions for Discussion Recommended Readings Tables: Ratio of Population to Agricultural Land in Latin America and Selected European Countries Labels for Miscegenation in Eighteenth-Century New Spain Labels for Miscegenation in Eighteenth-Century Peru
Chapter 2: FROM CONQUEST TO EMPIRE European Exploration Patterns of Conquest Colonial Economy Colonial Administration The Catholic Church The Virgin de Guadalupe The Conquered Peoples Colonial Society Questions for Discussion Recommended Readings Table: Founding of Major New World Cities
Chapter 3: INDEPENDENCE A New Sense of Self The Bourbon Reforms The Temptations of Trade The Impact of Ideas Early Warning Signs International Examples Impetus from the Outside Elitist Revolts Popular Revolution in Mexico The Brazilian Exception Aftermath Questions for Discussion Recommended Readings
Chapter 4: NEW NATIONS Monarchy or Republic? Liberals or Conservatives? Masses and Elites Threats to New Nations Economic Instability A Clash of Cultures Control by Caudillos Change and Continuity Mexico’s Early National Woes Questions for Discussion Recommended Readings Table: Abolition of Slavery
Chapter 5: THE EMERGENCE OF THE MODERN STATE Political Stability Positivism and Progress Economic Prosperity Progress on the Periphery Modest Industrialization The Growth of Cities Superficial Modernization The Popular Challenge Questions for Discussion Recommended Readings Tables: Railways in Latin America, 1913 Export Commodity Concentration Ratios, 1913 Direct and Portfolio Investment in Latin America, 1914
Chapter 6: NEW ACTORS ON AN OLD STAGE The Presence of the United States The New Middle Class The Working Class The Middle Class in Politics Questions for Discussion Recommended Readings Tables: United States Relations with Latin America Women’s Suffrage in Latin America
Chapter 7: THE MEXICAN EXPLOSION Cracks in the Regime Effective Suffrage and No Reelection Patrias Chicas The Maderista Revolt Madero in Power ¡Viva Zapata! Huerta and the Counter-Revolution A Radical Constitution The Radicals Lose From Destruction to Construction The Apex of the Revolution A Revolutionary Balance Sheet Questions for Discussion Recommended Readings Table: Land Distribution in the Mexican Revolution
Chapter 8: FROM WORLD WARS TO COLD WAR Economic Crises Dictators and Populists Latin America Turns Inward Guatemala: A Flirtation With Democracy Table: Establishment of Depression Dictatorships, 1930s
Chapter 9: THE REVOLUTIONARY OPTION Cuba Cuba’s Impact Chile Nicaragua Development or Dependency? Questions for Discussion Recommended Readings Tables: Latin American Military Coups, 1961—1964 Latin American Guerrilla Groups
Chapter 10: DEBT AND DICTATORSHIP Changing Economic Patterns Military Models for Change War in Central America The Church under Attack The New Social Movements Do Elections Make Democracies? Questions for Discussion Recommended Readings Table: Antipolitical Military Regimes, 1964—1990
Chapter 11: FORWARD INTO THE PAST Neoliberalism and Its Discontents NAFTA and the Zapatistas Latin America Swings Left Colombia: The Longest War The War on Drugs Change and Continuity Honduras: A Coup Rocks the Americas Questions for Discussion Recommended Readings Tables: Unsatisfied With Privatization of Public Services Latin America Elects Leftists Perceptions of Socialism vs. Capitalism in Latin America
Latin America through Art
A Chronology of Significan Dates in Latin American History A Glossary of Spanish, Portuguese, and Indigenous Terms A Glossary of Concepts and Terms Index