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This accessible introduction to the structure of English, general theories in linguistics, and important issues in sociolinguistics, is the first text written specifically for English and Education majors. This engaging introductory language/linguistics textbook provides more extensive coverage of issues of particular interest to English majors and future English instructors. It invites all students to connect academic linguistics to the everyday use of the English language around them. The bookrs"s approach taps studentsrs" natural curiosity about the English language. Through exercises and discussion questions about ongoing changes in English,How English Worksasks students to become active participants in the construction of linguistic knowledge.
Table of Contents
A Language Like English
The Story of Aks
Language, Language Everywhere
The Power of Language
Judging by Ear
A Puzzle: What Makes Us Hear an Accent?
The System of Language
Arbitrariness and Systematicity
A Scholar to Know: Ferdinand de Saussure
Human Language vs. Animal Communication
Birds and Bees
Language and Society: Relevance of Brain Size
Chimps and Bonobos
Distinctive Characteristics of Human Language
The Process of Language Change
A Puzzle: Do Languages Have Families
Mechanics of Language Change
Progress or Decay?
Attitudes about Language Change
Special Focus: Evolution of Human Language
Language and Authority
Who Is in Control?
Defining Standard English
Descriptive versus Prescriptive Grammar Rules
Case Study One: Double Negatives
Case Study Two: Ain't
Case Study Three: Who/Whom
Spoken versus Written Language
A Puzzle: Which Is More Permanent
The Written or the Spoken Word
Language and Society: Are We Losing Our Memories
Dictionaries of English
The Earliest Dictionaries of English
The Beginnings of Modern Lexicography
A Question to Discuss: Should Dictionaries Ever Prescribe
English Grammar, Usage, and Style
The Earliest Usage Books
Descriptive Tendencies in Grammars of English
Modern Approaches to English Usage
Special Focus: Corpus Linguistics
Origins of Corpus Linguistics
Corpora Linguistics in the Twenty-first Century
Definitions of Phonetics and Phonology
The Anatomy of Speech
The International Phonetic Alphabet
A Puzzle: Does English Have Initial/¿/?
Language Variation at Work: Who Drops Their g's?
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.