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Best-selling authors and veteran college writing instructors Laurie Kirszner and Stephen Mandell believe that students learn to write best when they use their own writing as a starting point. In Writing First with Readings: Practice in Context, designed for the paragraph to essay course, Kirszner and Mandell take seriously the ideas and expressive abilities of developmental students, as well as their need to learn the rules of writing and grammar. Visual writing prompts that open every chapter get students writing immediately. By moving frequently between their own writing, writing models and instruction, and workbook-style mastery exercises, students get constant reinforcement of the skills they are learning. Thoughtful chapters on college success, research, and critical reading, along with high-interest essays, round out the text, making it the perfect introduction to college writing.
Laurie Kirszner and Stephen Mandell have taught college composition and basic writing for more than 25 years and have authored many widely adopted textbooks, including Foundations First: Sentences and Paragraphs, Focus on Writing: Paragraphs and Essays, Patterns for College Writing, and Practical Argument.
Laurie Kirszner teaches composition, literature, and creative writing at the University of the Sciences. Stephen Mandell is the founder and former director of the basic writing program at Drexel University, where he teaches composition, literature, and technical and business writing.
Table of Contents
*New *CHAPTER 1 Writing and College Success HOW WRITING CAN HELP YOU SUCCEED STRATEGIES FOR COLLEGE SUCCESS A Orientation Strategies B First-Week Strategies C Day-to-Day Strategies D Time-Management Strategies E Note-Taking Strategies F Homework Strategies G Taking In-Class Essay Exams H Taking Standardized Assessment Tests I Strategies for Maintaining Academic Honesty J Strategies for Staying Safe on Campus WRITING PARAGRAPHS AND ESSAYSUNIT 1 Writing ParagraphsCHAPTER 2 Writing a Paragraph A Understanding Paragraph Structure STEP 1: PLANNING B Focusing on Your Assignment, Purpose, and Audience C Finding Ideas D Identifying Your Main Idea and Writing a Topic Sentence STEP 2: ORGANIZING E Choosing Supporting Points F Making an Outline STEP 3: DRAFTING G Drafting Your Paragraph *STEP 4: TESTING H TESTing Your Paragraph STEP 5: REVISING AND EDITING I Revising Your Paragraph Self-Assessment Checklist: Revising Your Paragraph J Editing Your Paragraph Self-Assessment Checklist: Editing Your Paragraph Review Checklist: Writing a Paragraph*CHAPTER 3 TESTing Your Paragraphs A TESTing for a Topic Sentence B TESTing for Evidence C TESTing for a Summary Statement D TESTing for Transitions Chapter Review Review Checklist: TESTing Your ParagraphsUNIT 2 Patterns of Paragraph Development CHAPTER 4 Exemplification A Exemplification Paragraphs B Case Study: A Student Writes an Exemplification Paragraph C Step-by-Step Guide: Writing an Exemplification Paragraph *TESTing an Exemplification Paragraph *D Writing about Visuals CHAPTER 5 Narration A Narrative Paragraphs B Case Study: A Student Writes a Narrative Paragraph C Step-by-Step Guide: Writing a Narrative Paragraph *TESTing a Narrative Paragraph *D Writing about Visuals CHAPTER 6 Description A Descriptive Paragraphs B Case Study: A Student Writes a Descriptive Paragraph C Step-by-Step Guide: Writing a Descriptive Paragraph *TESTing a Descriptive Paragraph *D Writing about Visuals CHAPTER 7 Process A Process Paragraphs B Case Study: A Student Writes a Process Paragraph C Step-by-Step Guide: Writing a Process Paragraph *TESTing a Process Paragraph *D Writing about Visuals CHAPTER 8 Cause and Effect A Cause-and-Effect Paragraphs B Case Study: A Student Writes a Cause-and-Effect Paragraph C Step-by-Step Guide: Writing a Cause-and-Effect Paragraph *TESTing a Cause-and-Effect Paragraph *D Writing about Visuals CHAPTER 9 Comparison and Contrast A Comparison-and-Contrast Paragraphs B Case Study: A Student Writes a Comparison-and-Contrast Paragraph C Step-by-Step Guide: Writing a Comparison-and-Contrast Paragraph *TESTing a Comparison-and-Contrast Paragraph *D Writing about Visuals CHAPTER 10 Classification A Classification Paragraphs B Case Study: A Student Writes a Classification Paragraph C Step-by-Step Guide: Writing a Classification Paragraph *TESTing a Classification Paragraph *D Writing about Visuals CHAPTER 11 Definition A Definition Paragraphs B Case Study: A Student Writes a Definition Paragraph C Step-by-Step Guide: Writing a Definition Paragraph *TESTing a Definition Paragraph *D Writing about Visuals CHAPTER 12 Argument A Argument Paragraphs B Case Study: A Student Writes an Argument Paragraph C Step-by-Step Guide: Writing an Argument Paragraph *TESTing an Argument Paragraph *D Writing about Visuals UNIT 3 Writing EssaysCHAPTER 13 Writing an Essay STEP 1: PLANNING A Understanding Essay Structure B Focusing on Your Assignment, Purpose, and Audience C Finding Ideas D Stating Your Thesis STEP 2: ORGANIZING E Choosing Supporting Points F Making an Outline STEP 3: DRAFTING G Drafting Your Essay *STEP 4: TESTing H TESTingYour Essay STEP 5: REVISING AND EDITING I Revising Your Essay Self-Assessment Checklist: Revising Your Essay J Editing Your Essay Self-Assessment Checklist: Editing Your Essay K Checking Your Essay’s Format Chapter Review Review Checklist: Writing an Essay*CHAPTER 14 TESTing Your Essays A TESTing for a Thesis B TESTing for Evidence C TESTing for a Summary Statement D TESTing for Transitions E Putting It Together Chapter Review Review Checklist: TESTing Your EssaysCHAPTER 15 Introductions and Conclusions A Introductions B Conclusions Chapter Review Review Checklist: Introductions and ConclusionsCHAPTER 16 Patterns of Essay Development A Exemplification *TESTing an Exemplification Essay B Narration *TESTing a Narrative Essay C Description *TESTing a Descriptive Essay D Process *TESTing a Process Essay E Cause and Effect *TESTing a Cause-and-Effect Essay F Comparison and Contrast *TESTing a Comparison-and-Contrast Essay G Classification *TESTing a Classification Essay H Definition *TESTing a Definition Essay I Argument *TESTing an Argument Essay Chapter Review Review Checklist: Patterns of Essay Development *UNIT 4 Research*CHAPTER 17 Writing a Research Paper A Choosing a Topic B Doing Research C Taking Notes D Watching Out for Plagiarism E Developing a Thesis F Making an Outline G Writing Your Paper H Documenting Your Sources Chapter Review REVISING AND EDITING YOUR WRITING UNIT 5 Writing Effective SentencesChapter 18 Writing Simple Sentences A Subjects B Prepositional Phrases C Verbs Chapter Review Review Checklist: Writing Simple SentencesChapter 19 Writing Compound Sentences A Using Coordinating Conjunctions B Using Semicolons C Using Transitional Words and Phrases Chapter Review Review Checklist: Writing Compound SentencesChapter 20 Writing Complex Sentences A Identifying Complex Sentences B Using Subordinating Conjunctions C Using Relative Pronouns Chapter Review Review Checklist: Writing Complex SentencesChapter 21 Writing Varied Sentences A Varying Sentence Types B Varying Sentence Openings C Combining Sentences D Mixing Long and Short Sentences Chapter Review Review Checklist: Writing Varied SentencesChapter 22 Using Parallelism A Recognizing Parallel Structure B Using Parallel Structure Chapter Review Review Checklist: Using ParallelismChapter 23 Using Words Effectively A Using Specific Words B Using Concise Language C Avoiding Slang D Avoiding Clichés E Using Similes and Metaphors F Avoiding Sexist Language Chapter Review Review Checklist: Using Words Effectively Unit Review UNIT 6 Solving Common Sentence Problems Chapter 24 Run-Ons A Recognizing Run-Ons B Correcting Run-Ons Chapter Review Review Checklist: Run-OnsChapter 25 Fragments A Recognizing Fragments B Missing-Subject Fragments C Phrase Fragments D -ing Fragments E Dependent Clause Fragments Chapter Review Review Checklist: Sentence FragmentsChapter 26 Subject-Verb Agreement A Understanding Subject-Verb Agreement B Compound Subjects C Be, Have, and Do D Words between Subject and Verb E Collective Noun Subjects F Indefinite Pronoun Subjects G Verbs before Subjects Chapter Review Review Checklist: Subject-Verb AgreementChapter 27 Illogical Shifts A Shifts in Tense B Shifts in Person C Shifts in Voice Chapter Review Review Checklist: Illogical ShiftsChapter 28 Misplaced and Dangling Modifiers A Correcting Misplaced Modifiers B Correcting Dangling Modifiers Chapter Review Review Checklist: Misplaced and Dangling Modifiers Unit Review UNIT 7 Understanding Basic Grammar Chapter 29 Verbs: Past Tense A Regular Verbs B Irregular Verbs C Problem Verbs: Be D Problem Verbs: Can/Could and Will/Would Chapter Review Review Checklist: Verbs: Past TenseChapter 30 Verbs: Past Participles A Regular Past Participles B Irregular Past Participles C The Present Perfect Tense D The Past Perfect Tense E Past Participles as Adjectives Chapter Review Review Checklist: Verbs: Past ParticiplesChapter 31 Nouns and Pronouns A Identifying Nouns B Forming Plural Nouns C Identifying Pronouns D Pronoun-Antecedent Agreement E Special Problems with Agreement F Vague and Unnecessary Pronouns G Pronoun Case H Special Problems with Pronoun Case I Reflexive and Intensive Pronouns Chapter Review Review Checklist: Nouns and PronounsChapter 32 Adjectives and Adverbs A Identifying Adjectives and Adverbs B Comparatives and Superlatives Chapter Review Review Checklist: Adjectives and AdverbsChapter 33 Grammar and Usage for ESL Writers A Subjects in Sentences B Plural Nouns C Count and Noncount Nouns D Determiners with Count and Noncount Nouns E Articles F Negative Statements and Questions G Verb Tense H Stative Verbs I Modal Auxiliaries J Gerunds K Placing Modifiers in Order L Choosing Prepositions M Prepositions in Familiar Expressions N Prepositions in Phrasal Verbs Chapter Review Review Checklist: Grammar and Usage for ESL Writers Unit Review UNIT 8 Understanding Punctuation, Mechanics, and SpellingChapter 34 Using Commas A Commas in a Series B Commas with Introductory Phrases and Transitional Words and Phrases C Commas with Appositives D Commas with Nonrestrictive Clauses E Commas in Dates and Addresses F Unnecessary Commas Chapter Review Review Checklist: Using CommasChapter 35 Using Apostrophes A Apostrophes in Contractions B Apostrophes in Possessives C Incorrect Use of Apostrophes Chapter Review Review Checklist: Using ApostrophesChapter 36 Understanding Mechanics A Capitalizing Proper Nouns B Punctuating Direct Quotations C Setting Off Titles D Hyphens E Abbreviations F Numbers G Using Minor Punctuation Marks Chapter Review Review Checklist: Understanding Mechanics Chapter 37 Understanding Spelling A Becoming a Better Speller B ie and ei C Prefixes D Suffixes E Commonly Confused Words Chapter Review Review Checklist: Understanding Spelling Unit Review BECOMING A CRITICAL READER Unit 9 Reading EssaysChapter 38 Reading Critically A Previewing B Highlighting C Annotating D Outlining E Summarizing F Writing a Response Paragraph G Reading in the Classroom, in the Community, and in the Workplace Review Checklist: Reading CriticallyChapter 39 Readings for Writers A Exemplification Judith Ortiz Cofer, Don't Call Me a Hot Tamale *Richard Rodriguez, Around the World, Women are on the Move B Narration Lynda Barry, The Sanctuary of School *Joshua Bearman, My Half-Baked Bubble C Description Amy Tan, Fish Cheeks *Jhumpa Lahiri, Rice D Process Russell Baker, Slice of Life Malcolm X, My First Conk E Cause and Effect *Judith Angwin, How Facebook is Making Friending Obsolete *John Edgar Wideman, The Seat Not Taken F Comparison and Contrast *Steven Conn, The Twin Revolutions of Lincoln and Darwin John Gray, Men Are from Mars, Women Are from Venus G Classification *Dave Barry, How Your Body Works Scott Russell Sanders, The Men We Carry In Our Minds H Definition *Julia Alvarez, Quinceañera Judy Brady, Why I Want a Wife I Argument *Mary Sherry, In Praise of the F Word *Oprah Winfrey, Dnt Txt N Drv *Steven Pinker, Mind Over Mass Media