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The best-selling college rhetoric for nearly 25 years, The St. Martin’s Guide has achieved an unparalleled record of success by providing practical innovations for the ever-changing composition course. Comprehensive yet flexible, The Guide’s acclaimed step by step guides to each type of writing offer sure fire invention strategies to get students started, combined with thorough advice on critical reading, working with sources, and careful revision.
Axelrod and Cooper’s class tested guidance on visual rhetoric, online teaching and learning, and more is available for instructors who incorporate these topics into their courses but not intrusive, for those who don’t.
The new edition has been re-engineered to reflect and build on the actual writing processes of students and does even more to prepare them for the writing they will do in other college courses.
Author BiographyRead more
CHARLES R. COOPER is an emeritus professor in the department of literature at the University of California, San Diego, where he served as coordinator of the Third College Composition Program, Dimensions of Culture Program, and Campus Writing Programs. He has also been co-director of the San Diego Writing Project, one of the National Writing Project Centers. He is coeditor, with Lee Odell, of Evaluating Writing and Research on Composing: Points of Departure.
Together, they have coauthored Axelrod and Cooper’s Concise Guide to Writing and, with Allison Warriner, Reading Critically, Writing Well (Bedford/St. Martin’s).
Table of ContentsRead more
Chapter 11: A Catalog of Invention Strategies Mapping Clustering Listing Outlining Writing Cubing Dialoguing Dramatizing Keeping a Journal Looping Questioning Quick Drafting
Chapter 12: A Catalog of Reading Strategies Annotating Martin Luther King Jr., An Annotated Sample from "Letter from Birmingham Jail" Taking Inventory Outlining Paraphrasing Summarizing Synthesizing Contextualizing Exploring the Significance of Figurative Language Looking for Patterns of Opposition Reflecting on Challenges to Your Beliefs and Values Evaluating the Logic of an Argument Testing for Appropriateness Testing for Believability Testing for Consistency and Completeness Recognizing Emotional Manipulation Judging the Writer’s Credibility Testing for Knowledge Testing for Common Ground Testing for Fairness
PART III. WRITING STRATEGIES
Chapter 13: Cueing the Reader Orienting Statements Thesis Statements Forecasting Statements Paragraphing Paragraph Cues Topic Sentence Strategies Cohesive Devices Pronoun Reference Word Repetition Synonyms Sentence Structure Repetition Collocation Transitions Logical Relationships Temporal Relationships Spatial Relationships Headings and Subheadings Heading Systems and Levels Headings and Genres Frequency and Placement of Headings
Chapter 14: Narrating Narrating Strategies Calendar and Clock Time Temporal Transitions Verb Tense Specific Narrative Action Dialogue Narrating a Process Explanatory Process Narratives Instructional Process Narratives
Chapter 15: Describing Naming Detailing Comparing Using Sensory Description The Sense of Sight The Sense of Hearing The Sense of Smell The Sense of Touch The Sense of Taste Creating a Dominant Impression
Chapter 16: Defining Sentence Definitions Extended Definitions Historical Definitions Stipulative Definitions
Chapter 17: Classifying Organizing Classification Illustrating Classification Maintaining Clarity and Coherence
Chapter 18: Comparing and Contrasting Two Ways of Comparing and Contrasting Analogy
Chapter 19: Arguing Asserting a Thesis Arguable Assertions Clear and Precise Wording Appropriate Qualification Giving Reasons and Support Examples Statistics Authorities Anecdotes Textual Evidence Counterarguing Acknowledging Readers’ Concerns Accommodating Readers’ Concerns Refuting Readers’ Objections Logical Fallacies
*Chapter 20: Analyzing Visuals Criteria for Analyzing Visuals A Sample Analysis Chapter 21: Designing Documents The Impact of Document Design Considering Context, Audience, and Purpose Elements of Document Design Font Style and Size Headings and Body Text Numbered and Bulleted Lists Colors White Space Adding Visuals Choose Appropriate Visuals and Design the Visuals with Their Final Use in Mind Number and Title Your Visuals Label the Parts of Your Visuals and Include Descriptive Captions Cite Your Visual Sources Integrate the Visuals into the Text Use Common Sense When Creating Visuals on a Computer Sample Documents Memos Letters E-mail Résumés Job-Application Letters Lab Reports Web Pages PART IV. RESEARCH STRATEGIES
Chapter 22: Field Research
Observations Planning the Visit Observing and Taking Notes Reflecting on Your Observations Writing Up Your Notes Preparing for Follow-Up Visits Interviews Planning and Setting Up the Interview Taking Notes during the Interview Reflecting on the Interview Writing Up Your Notes Questionnaires Focusing Your Study Writing Questions Designing the Questionnaire Testing the Questionnaire Administering the Questionnaire Writing Up the Results Chapter 23: Library and Internet Research Orienting Yourself to the Library Taking a Tour Consulting Librarians Getting Started Knowing Your Research Task Finding Out What Your Library Offers Consulting Encyclopedias Consulting Bibliographies Keeping Track of Your Research Keeping a Working Bibliography Taking Notes Finding Library Sources General Search Strategies Finding Books: Using the Online Library Catalog Finding Articles Finding Government and Statistical Information Finding Other Library Sources Determining the Most Promising Sources Using the Web for Research Finding the Best Information Online Using E-mail and Online Communities for Research Evaluating Sources Selecting Relevant Sources Identifying Bias Chapter 24: Using Sources Acknowledging Sources Avoiding Plagiarism Quoting, Paraphrasing, and Summarizing Deciding Whether to Quote, Paraphrase, or Summarize Quoting Integrating Quotations Introducing Quotations Punctuating within Quotations Avoiding Grammatical Tangles Paraphrasing and Summarizing Documenting Sources The MLA System of Documentation The APA System of Documentation Some Sample Research Papers An Annotated Research Paper *Chapter 25: Annotated Bibliographies and Literature Reviews Annotated Bibliographies and Literature Reviews: An Overview Basic Features Purpose and Audience Annotated Bibliographies Different Types of Annotation Writing an Annotated Bibliography Literature Reviews PART V. WRITING FOR ASSESSMENT
Chapter 26: Essay Examinations Preparing for an Exam Reading the Exam Carefully Some Typical Essay Exam Questions Define or Identify Explain the Importance or Signifiance Apply Concepts Comment on a Quotation Compare and Contrast Synthesize Information from Various Sources Analyze Causes Criticize or Evaluate Planning Your Answer Writing Your Answer Model Answers to Some Typical Essay Exam Questions Short Answers Paragraph-Length Answers Long Answers
Chapter 27: Writing Portfolios The Purposes of a Writing Portfolio Assembling a Portfolio for Your Composition Course Selecting Work Reflecting on Your Work and Your Learning Organizing the Portfolio PART VI. WRITING AND SPEAKING TO WIDER AUDIENCES
Chapter 28: Oral Presentations Be Ready Understand the Kind of Oral Presentation Your Have Been Asked to Give Assess Your Audience and Purpose Determine How Much Information Your Can Present in the Allotted Time Use Cues to Orient Listeners Prepare Effective and Appropriate Visuals Verify That You Will Have the Correct Equipment and Supplies Rehearse Your Presentation Deliver the Oral Presentation Professionally End Your Presentation Graciously
Chapter 29: Working with Others Working with Others on Your Individual Writing Projects Working with Others on Joint Writing Projects
Chapter 30: Writing in Your Community Using Your Service Experience as Source Material Finding a Topic Gathering Sources Writing about Your Service Experience Writing for Your Service Organization
HANDBOOK Introduction Keeping a Record of Your Own Errors S Sentence Boundaries Comma Splices Fused Sentences Sentence Fragments
G Grammatical Sentences Pronoun Reference Pronoun Agreement Relative Pronouns Pronoun Case Verbs Subject-Verb Agreement Adjectives and Adverbs
E Effective Sentences Missing Words Shifts Noun Agreement Modifiers Mixed Constructions Integrated Quotations, Questions, and Thoughts Parallelism Coordination and Subordination
W Word Choice Concise Sentences Exact Words Appropriate Words
P Punctuation Commas Unnecessary Commas Semicolons Colons Dashes Quotation Marks Apostrophes Parentheses Brackets Ellipsis Marks Slashes Periods Question Marks Exclamation Points
M Mechanics Hyphens Capitalization Spacing Numbers Underlining (Italics) Abbreviations Titles and Headings Special Design Features Spelling
L ESL Troublespots Articles Verbs Prepositions Omitted or Repeated Words Adjective Order Participles
R Review of Sentence Structure Basic Sentence Structure Basic Sentence Elements
GL Glossary of Frequently Misused Words Author and Title Index
Index for ESL Writers * new to this edition