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Reaffirming Rehabilitation, 2nd Edition, brings fresh insights to one of the core works of criminal justice literature. This groundbreaking work analyzes the rehabilitative ideal within the American correctional system and discusses its relationship to and conflict with political ideologies. Many researchers and policymakers rejected the value of rehabilitation after Robert Martinson's proclamation that "nothing works." Cullen and Gilbert's book helped stem the tide of negativism that engulfed the U.S. correctional system in the years that followed the popularization of the "nothing works" doctrine. Now Cullen traces the social impact on U.S. corrections policy. This new edition is appropriate as a textbook in corrections courses and as recommended reading in related courses. It also serves as a resource for researchers and policymakers working in the field of corrections. The first edition continues to be used in corrections courses even though it is out of print. This new edition makes the book readily available, along with rich new content in the introduction and concluding chapter. Introduces a new generation to the ongoing clash of political agendas and research-based corrections policies. Supports critical thinking about the role of rehabilitation in our society.
Doris Layton MacKenzie, Director, Penn State Justice Center for Research and Professor, Crime, Law and Justice, Department of Sociology, The Pennsylvania State University
Table of Contents
Introduction to the Anniversary Edition
Foreword to the First Edition
Crisis in Criminal Justice Policy
The Crisis Emerges
The Failure of Criminal Justice Rehabilitation
Determinate and determinate Sentencing
Attacking Rehabilitation: Determinate Sentencing Solves the Crisis
Reaffirming Rehabilitation: The False Appeal of Determinate Sentencing
Criminal Justice Theories and Ideologies
Schools of Criminological Thought
The Classical School
The Positivist School
Political Ideologies and Criminal Justice Policy
Classicism, Positivism, and Political Ideology
The Rise of Rehabilitation
Curious Punishments of Bygone Days
The Invention of the Penitentiary: The Great American Experiment
The New Penology
The Progressive Era: Individualized Treatment
The Legacy of Reform
The Conservative Attack: Getting Tough on Crime
The Liberal Attack: Doing Justice
The Liberal Critique: Victimizing the Offender
The Liberal Solution: The Justice Model
A Note on Radical Reform and Determinate Sentencing
Conclusion: Doing Justice or Getting Tough?
The Poverty of the Justice Model: The Corruption of Benevolence Revisited?
Reconsidering the Justice Model: Problems With Determinate Sentencing
Longer Sentences: The Potential for Repression
Rigidity in Sentencing: Is Justice Served?
Sentencing Disparity and the Expansion of Prosecutorial Power
"Rehabilitation Doesn't Work": Is Punishing Really Better?
The Deterioration of Prison Conditions
Determinate Sentencing and Controlling Crime: Assessing the Conservatives' Position
Implementing the Justice Model: Problems and Prospects
The Process of Sentencing Reform in Illinois
The Goals of Sentencing Reform
Utilitarian Considerations in Sentencing
Effects on Discretion and Disparity
Discretion in Sentencing
Parole Board and Institutional Discretion
Effects on Type and Length of Sentences
A Note on Guidelines
Parole Release Guidelines
The Value of Rehabilitation
State Obligated Rehabilitation
Correctional Official Accountability
Campaign in Favor of Rehabilitation
Why Liberal Reform?
The Future of Rehabilitation: From Nothing Works to What Works (An Epilogue)
The Mean Season in Corrections
The Corruption of Sentencing Reform
The Great American Prison Experiment
The California Experience
From Nothing Works to What Works
Nothing Works: Martinson and Beyond
What Works: Principles of Effective Correctional Treatment
The Future of Corrections: Four Guiding Principles
Practice Evidence-Based Corrections
Increase Correctional Accountability
It's Never Too Early, It's Never Too Late
Continue to Reaffirm Rehabilitation
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