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One of the enduring aims of archaeological research has been to explain why human material culture is so diverse, both across the world and through history. Recognising that diversity exists is not, however, to explain it nor to measure it effectively. The aim of the contributors to Quantifying Diversity in Archaeology is therefore to examine what we mean by diversity, to review the methods of measurement and formulae we an apply and assess the pitfalls that exist. Richness and evenness, the two main components of diversity measures developed in the biological sciences are considered, as are the value of diversity measures in the study of style, ecology, cultural geography and faunal, lithic and spatial analysis. Subsequent papers consider critically why the archaeological remains of particular cultures vary so markedly between sites, localities and regions.
Table of Contents
The diversity concept
The concept of diversity: an introduction
The theory and mechanics of ecological diversity in archaeology
Diversity, variation and selection
Components of diversity: richness, evenness and factors influencing their assessment
Sample size, significance and measures of diversity
Formation processes of Broken K Pueblo: some hypotheses
Structure and diversity in intrasite spatial analysis
Measures of diversity and expedient lithic technologies
Sample size and relative abundance in archaeological analysis: illustrations from spiral fractures and seriation
Assessments of archaeological diversity
Diversity in hunter-gatherer cultural geography
The effect of urbanisation on faunal diversity: a comparison between New York City and St Augustine, Florida, in the sixteenth to eighteenth centuries
Changing strategies of Anasazi lithic procurement on Black Mesa, Arizona
Ceramic diversity, production and use
The use of diversity in stylistic analysis
The concept of diversity in archaeological theory
Diversity in archaeology: a group of measures in search of application?
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