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A paradox can be defined as an unacceptable conclusion derived by apparently acceptable reasoning from apparently acceptable premises. Many paradoxes raise serious philosophical problems, and they are associated with crises of thought and revolutionary advances. The expanded and revised third edition of this intriguing book considers a range of knotty paradoxes including Zeno's paradoxical claim that the runner can never overtake the tortoise, a new chapter on paradoxes about morals, paradoxes about belief, and hardest of all, paradoxes about truth. The discussion uses a minimum of technicality but also grapples with complicated and difficult considerations, and is accompanied by helpful questions designed to engage the reader with the arguments. The result is not only an explanation of paradoxes but also an excellent introduction to philosophical thinking.
R.M. Sainsbury is a Professor in the Department of Philosophy, University of Texas at Austin. He was editor of the journal Mind for a decade from 1990 and his many publications include Reference Without Referents (2005, 2007) and Logical Forms, 2nd edition (2000).
Table of Contents
Foreword to third edition
Zeno's paradoxes: space, time, and motion
The Racetrack again
Achilles and the Tortoise
Not Being Sorry
Vagueness: the paradox of the heap
Sorites paradoxes: preliminaries
Sorites paradoxes: some options
Accepting the conclusion: Unger's view
Rejecting the premises: the epistemic theory
Rejecting the premises: supervaluations
Rejecting the reasoning: degrees of truth
The Prisoner's Dilemma
Paradoxes of confirmation
The paradox of the Ravens
The Unexpected Examination
Revising the Unexpected Examination
Classes and truth
The Liar: semantic defects
Grounding and truth
The Strengthened Liar
Comparison: how similar are Russell's paradox and the Liar?
Are any contradictions acceptable?
p. 150 è
Contradictions entail everything
A sentence which is both true and false could have no intelligible content
Falsehood and untruth
Some more paradoxes
Remarks on some text questions and appended paradoxes
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.