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Beginning with the foundations of community development, this book offers a comprehensive and practical approach to planning for communities. Road-tested in the authors' own teaching, and also through the training they provide for practising planners, it enables students to begin making connections between academic study and practical know-how from both private and public sector contexts.
Rhonda Phillips is Professor and Director of the School of Community Resources and Development, Arizona State University. Her research and practice speciality has focused on community well-being including work with community indicator systems and economic development planning. She is the Editor of Community Development: Journal of the Community Development Society. Robert H. Pittman is the Executive Director of the Community Development Institute and the Strategic Growth Institute at the University of Central Arkansas, where he also serves as a Professor in the College of Business. He has provided consulting services to community and economic development organizations and major corporations in the U.S. and around the world.
Table of Contents
List of figures
List of tables
List of boxes
List of contributors
A framework for community and economic development
The relationship between community and economic development
Who practices community and economic development?
Seven theories for seven community developers
Introduction: why theory?
Seven key concerns in the community development field
Asset-based community development
Definitions of community development
Needs-based community development
Asset-based community development
Challenges of the community development process
Social capital and community building
Social capital: what is it?
Community social capacity: what is it?
How does community social capacity influence development?
Intentional action to increase social capacity
Factors that influence the success of community-building efforts
Community development practice
First step: define the community
Practicing community development
Community development principles of practice
The community development process
How does community development practice relate to economic development?
What do community developers do?
Professional standards of ethical practice
Preparation and planning
Community visioning and strategic planning
Phase one: initiation
Phase two: the stakeholder process
Establishing community-based organizations
Fundamentals of forming a community-based organization
Partner and grant organizations for local community development
Types of community-based organizations
Faith-based community organizations
Developing community leadership skills
What does it mean to be a leader?
Leadership in community and economic development
Community development assessments
Why conduct an assessment?
Quantitative and qualitative data
Community assessment topics
The assessment report
Community asset mapping and surveys
Methods for mapping asserts
When is a survey appropriate?
Assessing your local economy: industry composition and economic impact analysis
Industry composition: learning about the local/regional economy
An introduction to economic impact analysis
Programming techniques and strategies
Workforce training for the twenty-first century
Primary and secondary education
Developing a demand-driven workforce development system
State and local resources
Labor market intermediaries
Marketing the community
Components of marketing
The marketing plan
The regional approach to marketing
Retaining and expanding existing businesses in the community
What does business retention and expansion encompass?
Benefits and advantages of BRE
BRE is a team effort
How successful are BRE programs?
Entrepreneurship as a community development strategy
Who is an entrepreneur anyway?
What are the needs of entrepreneurs?
How can your community become "entrepreneur-friendly"?
What is the next step for your community?
A review of tourism planning models
Types of tourism planning models
Getting from here to there: selecting approaches
Housing and community planning
The current state of housing
The role of government in housing
The role of nonprofits in housing
Housing assistance programs
Housing needs assessment
Neighborhood planning for community development and renewal
Types of neighborhood plans
The global movement toward participatory neighborhood planning
Measuring progress: community indicators, best practices, and benchmarking
Best practices and benchmarking
Issues impacting community development
Community development finance
Overview of basis community development finance vocabulary
Doing a deal: who are the players in community development finance?
Doing a deal: finding sources of money
Securing grants for community development projects
Tracking other federal funding
Tracking foundation and corporate funding
Hitting the target
Preparing grant proposals
Nonprofits, accountability, and sustainability
The global economy and community development
Why should people care about globalization?
Foreign direct investment
The great global job shift and outsourcing
International corporate activity
Community and economic development strategies in the global economy
Sustainability in community development
History of the sustainability concept
Sustainability definitions and themes
Process and participation
Conclusions and observations on the future of community development
The ongoing evolution of community development
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.