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A History of the World's Religions Shown Through Original Sources A History of the World's Religionsbridges the interval between the founding of religions and their present state, and gives students an accurate look at the religions of the world by including descriptive and interpretive details from the original source materials. Refined by over forty years of dialogue and correspondence with religious experts and practitioners around the world, A History of the World's Religionsis widely regarded as the hallmark of scholarship, fairness, and accuracy in its field. It is also the most thorough yet manageable history of world religion available in a single volume, treating many subjects largely neglected in other texts. Teaching and Learning Experience Personalize Learning- MyReligionLabdelivers proven results in helping students succeed, provides engaging experiences that personalize learning, and comes from a trusted partner with educational expertise and a deep commitment to helping students and instructors achieve their goals. Improve Critical Thinking- A wealth of integrated primary source passages quoted from sacred texts give students an accurate look at the religions of the world by including descriptive and interpretive details Engage Students- All source materials within A History of the World's Religionsare accompanied by explanatory comments. In addition, helpful glossaries and bolded terms help enrich students' understanding of the world's major religions. Support Instructors- Teaching your course just got easier! You can create a Customized Text or use our Instructor's Manual, Electronic ;MyTest ; Test Bank or PowerPoint Presentation Slides. PLUS, The book's depth, breadth, and organization frees instructors from having to cover everything in lectures, enabling them to select specific assignments and use class time for questions, discussion, and their own favorite materials. Note:MyReligionLab does no come automatically packaged with this text. To purchase MyReligionLab, please visitwww.MyReligionLab.comor you can purchase a valuepack of the text + MyReligionLab (VP ISBN-10: 0205007554, VP ISBN-13: 9780205007554)
David S. Noss taught in the Religion and Philosophy Department of Heidelberg College from 1950 until his retirement in 1989, although he continued teaching students and advising faculty until his passing in 2010. Dr. Noss studied at Franklin and Marshall College, the Pacific School of Religion, Lancaster Theological Seminary and the University of Chicago Divinity School, where he earned a Ph.D. in Religion and the Arts in 1952.
Blake Grangaard earned his B.A. from St. Olaf College, M.Div. from Luther Theological Seminary and Ph.D. from Union Theological Seminary in Virginia. He was a church pastor for almost 10 years before turning to academia. Dr. Noss has taught at Heidelberg College since 1996 and teaches most of the Religion classes, as well as an Honors seminar on Religion and Literature and an interdisciplinary core general education class on Religion and Politics.
Table of Contents
PART 1 Some Primal and Bygone Religions
Chapter 1 Religion in Prehistoric and Primal Cultures
Chapter 2 Bygone Religions That Have Left Their Mark on the West
PART 2 The Religions of South Asia
Chapter 3 Early Hinduism: The Passage from Ritual Sacrifice to Mystical Union
Chapter 4 Later Hinduism: Religion as the Determinant of Social Behavior
Chapter 5 Jainism: A Study in Asceticism
Chapter 6 Buddhism in Its First Phase: Moderation in World Renunciation
Chapter 7 The Religious Development of Buddhism: Diversity in Paths to Nirvana
Chapter 8 Sikhism: A Study in Syncretism
PART 3 The Religions of East Asia
Chapter 9 Native Chinese Religion and Daoism
Chapter 10 Confucius and Confucianism: A Study in Optimistic Humanism
Chapter 11 Shinto: The Native Contribution to Japanese Religion
PART 4 The Religions of the Middle East
Chapter 12 Zoroastrianism: A Religion Based on Ethical Dualism
Chapter 13 Judaism in Its Early Phases: From Hebrew Origins to the Exile
Chapter 14 The Religious Development of Judaism
Chapter 15 Christianity in Its Opening Phase: The Words and Work of Jesus in Apostolic Perspective
Chapter 16 The Religious Development of Christianity
Chapter 17 Islam: The Religion of Submission to God: Beginnings
Chapter 18 The Sh `ah Alternative and Regional Developments
Preface¿Get the Noss book,¿ a teacher told me years ago. It was good advice then, and I hope it will continue to be good advice. Now in its thirteenth edition, A History of the World¿s Religions has a history of its own. John Noss spent more than a decade researching and writing the first edition, published in 1949 as Man¿s Religions. His much younger brother, David, played a small part, typing one of the chapters. That was not the end of David¿s association with the book. When John died, in 1980, the seventh edition was in preparation. David had already consulted on previous editions, and the seventh included his name on the title page. Through subsequent editions he reworked prose, emended and added material, and broadened the scope of the book to give special attention to the role of religion in social conflicts and international tension. By the tenth edition the publisher convinced him the book had become ¿his,¿ so his name alone would be on the title page. I was relieved when David told me his first intention upon taking on this book was ¿not to mess it up.¿ I feel the same way. So it is appropriate to be mindful of the book¿s purpose, i.e., to be a one-volume history of religion, directed to teachers and students. As David expressed it in the most recent editions: My elder brother, John B. Noss, spent ten years preparing the first (1949) edition of this book. At that time he found that most publications in the field tended to focus on the biographies of the founders and then jumped to comparing and evaluating their contemporary practices. His preface to the first edition spoke of two special needs to be met: the first was to include ¿descriptive and interpretative details from theoriginal source materials¿and second¿to bridge the intervalbetween the founding of religions and their present state¿ Italics mine. Those who have used successive editions will recognize an increasing attentiveness to those needs. Primary source materials are not spliced in as undigested chunks but carefully introduced with interpretative introductions. As color-highlighted quotations, primary sources gain even more of the prominence they deserve. Key quotations are highlighted in color-framed brackets. Illustrations now play a larger part: in addition to samples of classic art and architecture, new photographs furnish more samples from pop art, depictions of ceremonial regalia, explanations of ritual practices, and scenes of believer engagement toward social betterment. Extended ¿teaching captions¿ go beyond perfunctory identifications of the subject. WHAT¿S NEW TO THIS EDITION * The current edition has been emended to aid comprehension. * New terms replace obsolete expressions. * Information is updated to reflect current scholarship. * A clearer hierarchy of headings and subheadings helps the reader follow the flow of the narrative. * Interruptions to the flow of the historical narrative now appear in shaded sidebars. * The Bardo Thodol ¿ the much-heard-of ¿Tibetan Book of the Dead¿ ¿ receives attention. * A new full-color design enhances the reading experience * MyReligionLab provides additional activities for both students and instructors SUPPORT FOR INSTRUCTOR¿S AND STUDENTS * MyReligionLab.(020518068X) MyReligionLab logo goes here is an interactive and instructive multimedia site designed to help students and instructors save time and improve results. It offers access to a wealth of resources geared to meet the individual teaching and learning needs of every instructor and student. Combining an ebook, video, audio, multimedia simulations, research support and assessment, MyReligionLab engages students and gives them the tools they need to enhance their performance in the course. Please see your Pearson sales representative or visit www.myreligionlab.com for more information. * Instructor¿s Manual with Tests. (0205178790) For each chapter in the text, this valuable resource provides a detailed outline, list of objectives, discussion questions, and suggested readings and videos. In addition, test questions in multiple-choice, true/false, fill-in-the-blank, and short answer formats are available for each chapter; the answers are page-referenced to the text. For easy access, this manual is available within the instructor section of MyReligionLab for A History of the World¿s Religions, or at www.pearsonhighered.com/irc. * MyTest. (0205178812) This computerized software allows instructors to create their own personalized exams, edit any or all of the existing test questions, and add new questions. Other special features of the program include random generation of test questions, creation of alternate versions of the same test, scrambling question sequence, and test preview before printing. For easy access, this software is available at www.pearsonhighered.com/irc.* PowerPoint Presentation Slides. (0205178820) These PowerPoint slides combine text and graphics for each chapter to help instructors convey philosophical principles in a clear and engaging way. For easy access, they are available within the instructor section of MyReligionLab for A History of the World¿s Religions, or at www.pearsonhighered.com/irc. Thank you to the following manuscript reviewers who made good suggestions for improving the book: Jeffrey Robbins ¿ Lebanon Valley College; Pasquale Simonelli ¿ Monmouth University; Jeanne Kusina ¿ University of Toledo; Timothy Fobbs ¿ Tidewater Community College; Hong Qu ¿ Iowa State Univerity; Patrick Nnoromele ¿ Eastern Kentucky University. I encourage other readers to contact me with suggestions or corrections. Thank you also to Nicole Conforti and her associates at Pearson Education for their help and consultations. And, of course, I am ever grateful to John B. Noss and David S. Noss for passing to me such a splendid text. Blake R. Grangaard email@example.comAcknowledgments Ancient Near Eastern Texts Relating to the Old Testament,third edition, edited by James B. Pritchard. Copyright ¿ 1950, 1955, 1969, renewed 1978 by Princeton University Press. Reprinted by permission of Princeton University Press. The Way and Its Power,edited and translated by Arthur Waley. Copyright ¿ 1934 by George Allen & Unwin, Ltd., London. Reprinted with permission from The Arthur Waley Estate, Richmond, Surrey, UK. The Analects of Confucius,edited and translated by Arthur Waley. Copyright ¿ 1938 by George Allen & Unwin, Ltd., London. Reprinted with permission from The Arthur Waley Estate, Richmond, Surrey, UK. Six lines of verse fromThe Way of Life,by Witter Bynner. Copyright 1944 by Witter Bynner. Copyright renewed 1972 by Dorothy Chauvenet and Paul Horgan. Reprinted with permission of HarperCollins Publishers, Inc., New York. FromThe Wisdom of China and India,edited by Lin Yutang. Copyright 1942 and renewed 1970 by Random House, Inc. Reprinted with permission of Random House, Inc. The Zoroastrian Doctrine of a Future Life,by Jai D. C. Parvry. Copyright 1926, 1929 ¿ Columbia University Press, New York. Reprinted with the permission of the publisher. Excerpts fromTanakh: The Holy Scriptures: The New JPS Translation to the Traditional Hebrew Text,Copyright 1985 by the Jewish Publication Society, with the permission of the publisher. Excerpts fromThe Bible: An American Translation,edited by J. M. Powis Smith and E. J. Goodspeed. Copyright 1935 by the University of Chicago. Reprinted with permission of the University of Chicago Press. Excerpts fromThe Holy Bible: A New Translation,by James Moffat. Copyright 1922, 1924, 1926 by George H. Doran Company, New York. Reprinted with permission of Hodder & Stoughton, Sevenoaks, Kent, England. Excerpts fromThe Koran Interpreted,by A. J. Arberry. Copyright 1955 by George Allen & Unwin Ltd., London. Reprinted with permissi