# Engineering Drawing & Design

by: Madsen, David A.

**ISBN 13:**## 9780766816343

**ISBN 10:**## 0766816346

**Edition:**3rd**Format:**Hardcover**Copyright:**07/19/2001**Publisher:**Cengage Learning- Newer Edition

Note: Not guaranteed to come with supplemental materials (access cards, study guides, lab manuals, CDs, etc.)

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### Summary

With increased emphasis on visualization, the design process, and modern CAD technology, this edition of our popular Engineering Drawing and Design book provides readers with an approach to drafting that is consistent with the National Standards Institute (NSI) and the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME). Newly reorganized, the first half of the book focuses attention on sketching, views, descriptive geometry, dimensioning, and pictorial drawings. The second half of the book invites readers to build upon these skills as they explore manufacturing materials and processes that span all of the engineering disciplines, including: welding, fluid power, piping, electricity/electronics, HVAC, sheet metal, and more! Each chapter contains realistic examples, technically precise illustrations, problems and related tests. Step-by-step methods, plus layout guidelines for preparing technically precise engineering drawings from sketches, are also featured throughout the book to provide readers with a logical approach to setting up and completing drawing problems. Ideal for use in introductory and advanced engineering graphics programs, the extraordinarily complete and current information in this book makes it an invaluable reference for professional engineers.

### Table of Contents

Read morePreface | p. xiii |

Acknowledgments | p. xix |

Introduction to Engineering Drawing and Design | p. 1 |

Drafting Technology | p. 2 |

Occupations in Architecture and Engineering Drafting Fields | p. 2 |

Professional Organization | p. 9 |

How to Become a Drafter | p. 10 |

Drafting Occupational Levels | p. 10 |

Drafting Job Opportunities | p. 11 |

Searching for a Drafting Position | p. 11 |

Drafting Salaries and Working Conditions | p. 13 |

Computers in Design and Drafting | p. 13 |

Workplace Ethics | p. 15 |

CADD Applications: Once Is Always Enough with CADD | p. 15 |

Copyrights | p. 17 |

Patents | p. 17 |

Trademarks | p. 18 |

Web Site Research | p. 19 |

Professional Perspective | p. 19 |

Introduction to Engineering Drawing and Design Test | p. 20 |

Introduction to Engineering Drawing and Design Problems | p. 21 |

Sketching, Lettering, and Lines | p. 22 |

The Engineering Design Application | p. 22 |

Sketching | p. 23 |

Tools and Materials | p. 23 |

Sketching Straight Lines | p. 23 |

Sketching Circular Lines | p. 24 |

Sketching Arcs | p. 27 |

Sketching Ellipses | p. 28 |

Measurement Lines and Proportions | p. 29 |

Procedures in Sketching | p. 29 |

Creating Multiview Sketches | p. 30 |

Lettering | p. 34 |

Single-Stroke Gothic Lettering | p. 34 |

Other Lettering Styles | p. 35 |

CADD Applications: Lettering | p. 35 |

Lettering Legibility | p. 36 |

Vertical Freehand Lettering | p. 37 |

Lettering Techniques | p. 38 |

Composition | p. 38 |

Making Guidelines | p. 39 |

Other Lettering Aids and Guideline Methods | p. 39 |

Basic Lettering Considerations | p. 39 |

Lettering Guide Templates | p. 39 |

Mechanical Lettering Equipment | p. 39 |

Lines | p. 40 |

Types of Lines | p. 41 |

CADD Applications: Drawing Lines | p. 42 |

Pencil and Ink Line Techniques | p. 49 |

Professional Perspective | p. 51 |

Web Site Research | p. 52 |

Pulling It All Together | p. 52 |

Math Application: Fractional Arithmatic | p. 52 |

Sketching, Lettering, and Lines Test | p. 52 |

Sketching, Lettering, and Lines Problems | p. 56 |

Drafting Equipment, Media, and Reproduction Methods | p. 65 |

Introduction | p. 65 |

Drafting Equipment | p. 65 |

Drafting Furniture | p. 66 |

Drafting Pencils, Leads, and Sharpeners | p. 66 |

Technical Pens and Accessories | p. 67 |

Erasers and Accessories | p. 68 |

Drafting Instruments | p. 69 |

Drafting Machines | p. 73 |

Scales | p. 76 |

Cleaning Drafting Equipment | p. 81 |

Drafting Media | p. 81 |

Papers and Films | p. 82 |

Sheet Sizes, Title Blocks, and Borders | p. 83 |

Taping Down Your Drawing | p. 88 |

Diazo Reproduction | p. 88 |

Safety Precautions for Diazo Printers | p. 89 |

Photocopy Reproduction | p. 89 |

How to Properly Fold Prints | p. 90 |

Microfilm | p. 90 |

CADD Applications: CADD vs. Microfim | p. 90 |

Digitizing Existing Drawings | p. 90 |

CADD Applications: CAD/CAM | p. 92 |

Math Application: Angle Measurement in Radians | p. 92 |

Optical Scanning of Existing Drawings | p. 92 |

Web Site Research | p. 92 |

Drafting Equipment Test | p. 93 |

Drafting Equipment Problems | p. 94 |

Computer-Aided Design and Drafting (CADD) | p. 97 |

The Engineering Design Application: The Project Planning Process | p. 97 |

What is CADD? | p. 98 |

Industry and CADD | p. 99 |

The CADD Workstation | p. 102 |

The Future of CADD | p. 109 |

Virtual Reality | p. 109 |

Getting Started with a CADD Project | p. 111 |

Scaling and Scale Factors | p. 113 |

Using Layers | p. 114 |

The Importance of Template Drawings | p. 115 |

Basic Drawing Functions | p. 116 |

Drawing with the Computer | p. 119 |

Creating and Using Symbols | p. 123 |

Storing a Drawing | p. 124 |

File Management | p. 125 |

Internet-Based CADD | p. 125 |

Research Techniques | p. 126 |

Ergonomics | p. 127 |

Professional Perspective | p. 128 |

Web Site Research | p. 130 |

Math Application | p. 130 |

Computer-Aided Design and Drafting Test | p. 131 |

Introduction to CADD Problems | p. 131 |

The Engineering Design Process | p. 134 |

The Engineering Design Application: Transitions to a Systems Approach: A Historic Point of View | p. 134 |

Today's Engineering Design Models | p. 136 |

The Engineering Design Process | p. 136 |

Creativity and Innovation in Design | p. 136 |

Design Analysis and Problem Solving | p. 138 |

Change and the Impact on the Design Process | p. 139 |

Tracking Documents: ECO/ECR | p. 139 |

The Design Review Process | p. 140 |

Life Cycle of a Design Project | p. 140 |

Design Deliverables | p. 141 |

How the Design Process Has Responded to Changes in Engineering | p. 141 |

Professional Perspective: Only The Fast Survive | p. 142 |

Web Site Research | p. 143 |

The Engineering Design Process Test | p. 143 |

The Engineering Design Process Problems | p. 144 |

Geometric Construction | p. 145 |

Geometric Construction | p. 145 |

The Engineering Design Application | p. 145 |

Characteristics of Lines | p. 146 |

Geometric Shapes | p. 146 |

CADD Applications: A Layout Approach for CADD Applications | p. 146 |

Common Geometric Constructions | p. 150 |

Constructing Polygons | p. 154 |

CADD Applications: Drawing Geometric Shapes | p. 158 |

Constructing Circles and Tangencies | p. 160 |

Constructing an Ellipse | p. 164 |

CADD Applications | p. 165 |

Web Site Research | p. 165 |

Professional Perspective | p. 166 |

Math Application: Interior Angles of Regular Polygons | p. 166 |

Geometric Construction Test | p. 166 |

Geometric Construction Problems | p. 167 |

Multiviews | p. 171 |

The Engineering Design Application | p. 171 |

Multiviews | p. 172 |

View Selection | p. 175 |

Projection of Circles and Arcs | p. 178 |

CADD Applications: Fillets and Rounds | p. 180 |

Line Precedence | p. 180 |

Third-Angle Projection | p. 181 |

First-Angle Projection | p. 182 |

Recommended Review | p. 184 |

Layout | p. 184 |

CADD Application | p. 187 |

Math Application: Weight of an Elliptical Plate | p. 188 |

Professional Perspective | p. 190 |

Multiviews Test | p. 190 |

Multiviews Problems | p. 190 |

Auxiliary Views | p. 212 |

The Engineering Design Application | p. 212 |

Auxiliary Views | p. 212 |

Plotting Curves in Auxiliary Views | p. 215 |

Enlargements | p. 216 |

Secondary Auxiliary Views | p. 216 |

CADD Applications: Multiview and Auxiliary View Drawing | p. 219 |

Auxiliary View Layout | p. 220 |

Professional Perspective | p. 221 |

Math Application: Projected Area | p. 221 |

Auxiliary Views Test | p. 223 |

Auxiliary Views Problems | p. 223 |

Descriptive Geometry I | p. 236 |

The Engineering Design Application | p. 236 |

Basic Concepts | p. 236 |

Projection of a Point (Basic Concept 1) | p. 238 |

Lines | p. 241 |

Projection of a Line (Basic Concept 2) | p. 242 |

Projection of a Line to Find Its True Length (Basic Concept 3) | p. 243 |

Projection of a True-Length Line to Find Where It Appears as a Point (Basic Concept 4) | p. 247 |

Planes | p. 248 |

Projection of a Plane | p. 249 |

Professional Perspective | p. 256 |

Math Application | p. 256 |

Descriptive Geometry I Test | p. 257 |

Descriptive Geometry I Problems | p. 257 |

Descriptive Geometry II | p. 265 |

The Engineering Design Application | p. 265 |

Directions of Lines and Planes | p. 266 |

True Distance Between a Point and a Line | p. 269 |

True Distance Between Two Skew Lines | p. 270 |

Intersection of a Line and a Plane | p. 270 |

Visibility | p. 271 |

Intersection of Planes | p. 271 |

Dihedral Angles | p. 273 |

An Introduction to Vector Geometry | p. 275 |

Forces in Equilibrium | p. 278 |

Professional Perspective | p. 280 |

Descriptive Geometry II Problems | p. 280 |

Manufacturing Materials and Processes | p. 286 |

The Engineering Design Application | p. 286 |

Introduction | p. 286 |

Manufacturing Materials | p. 287 |

Plastics | p. 290 |

Manufacturing Processes | p. 293 |

CADD Applications: Computer Numerical Control (CNC) Machine Tools | p. 298 |

Machine Processes | p. 299 |

Tool Design | p. 317 |

CADD Applications: Jig and Fixture Design | p. 317 |

Computer-Integrated Manufacturing (CIM) | p. 322 |

Integration of Computer-Aided Design and Computer-Aided Manufacturing (CAD/CAM) | p. 323 |

Statistical Process Control (SPC) | p. 324 |

Web Site Research | p. 326 |

Professional Perspective | p. 326 |

Math Application: Finding Means for SPC | p. 327 |

Manufacturing Materials and Processes Test | p. 327 |

Manufacturing Materials and Processes Problems | p. 330 |

Dimensioning and Tolerancing | p. 332 |

The Engineering Design Application | p. 332 |

Dimensioning Systems | p. 335 |

Dimensioning Rules | p. 337 |

Dimensioning Fundamentals | p. 340 |

Preferred Dimensioning Practices | p. 342 |

CADD Applications: Dimensioning | p. 346 |

Notes for Size Features | p. 347 |

Location Dimensions | p. 351 |

Dimension Origin | p. 352 |

Dimensioning Auxiliary Views | p. 353 |

General Notes | p. 353 |

CADD Applications: Using Layers for Dimensioning | p. 354 |

Tolerancing | p. 355 |

Dimensions Applied to Platings and Coatings | p. 359 |

Maximum and Minimum Dimensions | p. 359 |

Casting Drawing and Design | p. 359 |

Machining Allowance | p. 360 |

Machined Surfaces | p. 363 |

CADD Applications: Dimensioning Software Packages | p. 369 |

Design and Drafting of Machined Features | p. 370 |

Symbols | p. 370 |

An Introduction to ISO 9000 | p. 370 |

Professional Perspective | p. 371 |

CADD Applications: Dimensioning for CADD/CAM | p. 373 |

Recommended Review | p. 374 |

Math Application: Finding Diagonals | p. 375 |

Dimensioning and Tolerancing Test | p. 375 |

Dimensioning and Tolerancing Problems | p. 377 |

Fasteners and Springs | p. 386 |

The Engineering Design Application | p. 386 |

Screw Thread Fasteners | p. 386 |

Thread-Cutting Tools | p. 388 |

Thread Forms | p. 389 |

Thread Representations | p. 391 |

Thread Notes | p. 394 |

Measuring Screw Threads | p. 395 |

CADD Applications: Drawing Fasteners | p. 397 |

Threaded Fasteners | p. 397 |

Washers | p. 406 |

Dowel Pins | p. 406 |

Taper and Other Pins | p. 406 |

Retaining Rings | p. 407 |

Keys, Keyways, and Keyseats | p. 407 |

Rivets | p. 407 |

Springs | p. 407 |

CADD Applications: Drawing Springs | p. 411 |

Recommended Review | p. 412 |

Web Site Research | p. 412 |

Professional Perspective | p. 412 |

Math Application: Ratio and Proportion of a Taper Pin | p. 414 |

Fasteners and Springs Test | p. 414 |

Fasteners and Springs Problems | p. 415 |

Sections, Revolutions, and Conventional Breaks | p. 421 |

The Engineering Design Application | p. 421 |

Sectioning | p. 422 |

Cutting-Plane Lines | p. 422 |

Section Lines | p. 422 |

Full Sections | p. 424 |

Half Sections | p. 424 |

Offset Sections | p. 424 |

Aligned Sections | p. 425 |

Unsectioned Features | p. 426 |

CADD Applications: Sectioning | p. 427 |

Intersections in Section | p. 428 |

Conventional Revolutions | p. 428 |

Broken-Out Sections | p. 428 |

Auxiliary Sections | p. 429 |

Conventional Breaks | p. 429 |

Revolved Sections | p. 429 |

Removed Sections | p. 430 |

Recommended Review | p. 430 |

Professional Perspective | p. 431 |

Math Application: Distance Between Holes on a Bolt Circle | p. 433 |

Sectioning Test | p. 433 |

Sectioning Problems | p. 434 |

Geometric Tolerancing | p. 458 |

The Engineering Design Application | p. 458 |

General Tolerancing | p. 459 |

Symbology | p. 460 |

Datum Feature Symbols | p. 460 |

Datum Reference Frame | p. 460 |

Datum Features | p. 462 |

Datum Target Symbols | p. 462 |

Datum Axis | p. 464 |

Feature Control Frame | p. 464 |

Basic Dimensions | p. 467 |

Geometric Tolerances | p. 468 |

Material Condition Symbols | p. 477 |

CADD Applications: Geometric Tolerancing | p. 478 |

Location Tolerance | p. 481 |

Datum Precedence and Material Condition | p. 484 |

Position of Multiple Features | p. 484 |

Composite Positional Tolerancing | p. 485 |

Two Single-Segment Feature Control Frames | p. 486 |

Positional Tolerance of Tabs | p. 486 |

Positional Tolerance of Slotted Holes | p. 486 |

Positional Tolerance of Threaded Features and Gears | p. 487 |

Positional Tolerance of Counterbored Holes | p. 487 |

Positional Tolerance of Coaxial Holes | p. 487 |

Positional Tolerancing of Nonparallel Holes | p. 488 |

Projected Tolerance Zone | p. 488 |

CADD Applications: Geometric Tolerancing Symbols | p. 491 |

Geometric Dimensioning and Tolerancing with AutoCAD | p. 491 |

Virtual Condition | p. 492 |

Statistical Tolerancing with Geometric Controls | p. 493 |

Combination Controls | p. 493 |

Web Site Research | p. 494 |

Professional Perspective | p. 495 |

Math Applications: Rounding Numbers | p. 497 |

Geometric Tolerancing Test | p. 497 |

Geometric Tolerancing Problems | p. 499 |

Mechanisms: Linkages, Cams, Gears, and Bearings | p. 507 |

The Engineering Design Application | p. 507 |

CADD Applications: Mechanism Design | p. 508 |

Mechanisms | p. 509 |

Linkages | p. 509 |

Linkage Symbols | p. 509 |

Types of Linkages | p. 509 |

CADD Applications: Cams and Gears | p. 512 |

Cams | p. 512 |

Cam Displacement Diagrams | p. 513 |

Construction of an In-Line Follower Plate Cam Profile | p. 516 |

Construction of an Offset Follower Plate Cam Profile | p. 517 |

Drum Can Drawing | p. 518 |

Gears | p. 519 |

CADD Applications: Cam Displacement Diagrams and Profiles; Cam Manufacturing | p. 520 |

Gear Structure | p. 520 |

Splines | p. 521 |

Gear Types | p. 521 |

Spur Gear Design | p. 523 |

Gear Accuracy | p. 525 |

Drawing Specifications and Tolerances | p. 525 |

Designing and Drawing Spur Gears | p. 525 |

CADD Applications: Gear Teeth | p. 526 |

Designing Spur Gear Trains | p. 526 |

Designing and Drawing the Rack and Pinion | p. 528 |

Designing and Drawing Bevel Gears | p. 528 |

Designing and Drawing Worm Gears | p. 528 |

Plastic Gears | p. 529 |

Bearings | p. 532 |

Drawing Bearing Symbols | p. 533 |

Bearing Codes | p. 534 |

CADD Applications: Bearing Symbols | p. 534 |

Bearing Selection | p. 534 |

Gear and Bearing Assemblies | p. 539 |

Professional Perspective | p. 540 |

Web site Research | p. 541 |

Math Applications: Length of a Connecting Rod | p. 541 |

Mechanisms Test | p. 542 |

Mechanisms Problems | p. 542 |

Belt and Chain Drives | p. 551 |

The Engineering Design Application | p. 551 |

Advantages of Gear Drives | p. 552 |

Advantages of Belt Drives | p. 552 |

Advantages of Chain Drives | p. 552 |

Belts and Belt Drives | p. 552 |

Belt Types | p. 552 |

Typical Belt Drive Arrangements | p. 554 |

Belt Drive Selection | p. 555 |

Chain Drives | p. 558 |

Chain Drive Sprockets | p. 559 |

Chain Classification and Types | p. 559 |

Precision Chains | p. 559 |

CADD Applications: Sprockets | p. 559 |

Nonprecision Chains | p. 560 |

Light-Duty Chain | p. 560 |

Chain Drive Arrangements | p. 560 |

Roller Chain Drive Selection | p. 562 |

Professional Perspective | p. 565 |

Web Site Research | p. 565 |

Math Application: Belt Length | p. 566 |

Belt and Chain Drives Test | p. 566 |

Belt and Chain Drives Problems | p. 567 |

Working Drawings | p. 572 |

The Engineering Design Application | p. 572 |

Detail Drawings | p. 573 |

Assembly Drawings | p. 576 |

Types of Assembly Drawings | p. 577 |

CADD Applications: Working Drawings | p. 580 |

Identification Numbers | p. 580 |

Parts Lists | p. 583 |

Purchase Parts | p. 584 |

Engineering Changes | p. 584 |

Drawing from a Prototype | p. 588 |

Analysis of a Set of Working Drawings | p. 589 |

Professional Perspective | p. 589 |

Web Site Research | p. 592 |

Math Application: Distance Between Tangent Circles | p. 594 |

Working Drawings Test | p. 595 |

Working Drawings Problems | p. 595 |

Pictorial Drawings and Technical Illustrations | p. 652 |

The Engineering Design Application | p. 652 |

Pictorial Drawings | p. 653 |

Isometric Projections and Drawings | p. 653 |

Types of Isometric Drawings | p. 655 |

Isometric Construction Techniques | p. 655 |

Dimetric Pictorial Representation | p. 660 |

Trimetric Pictorial Representation | p. 660 |

CADD Applications: 3-D Capabilities | p. 662 |

Exploded Pictorial Drawing | p. 662 |

Oblique Drawing | p. 662 |

Perspective Drawing | p. 664 |

One-Point Perspective | p. 665 |

Two-Point Perspective | p. 665 |

Three-Point Perspective | p. 666 |

Circles and Curves in Perspective | p. 666 |

Basic Shading Techniques | p. 667 |

Layout Techniques | p. 668 |

Math Application | p. 670 |

Professional Perspective | p. 670 |

Pictorial Drawings and Technical Illustrations Test | p. 671 |

Pictorial Drawings and Technical Illustrations Problems | p. 671 |

Solid Modeling, Animation, and Virtual Reality | p. 677 |

The Engineering Design Application | p. 677 |

Types of 3D CAD Models | p. 678 |

Modeling Kernel | p. 680 |

Parametric Modeling and the Design Process | p. 680 |

Working with Parts, Assemblies, and Features | p. 682 |

Built-in Features | p. 684 |

Editing Feature History | p. 684 |

Animation | p. 684 |

Virtual Reality | p. 686 |

Professional Perspective | p. 689 |

Solid Modeling, Animation, and Virtual Reality Problems | p. 691 |

Solid Modeling, Animation, and Virtual Reality Test | p. 691 |

Welding Processes and Representations | p. 693 |

The Engineering Design Application | p. 693 |

Welding Tests | p. 706 |

CADD Aplications: Welding Symbols and Applications | p. 707 |

Welding Specifications | p. 710 |

Prequalified Welded Joints | p. 710 |

Weld Design | p. 710 |

Professional Perspective | p. 710 |

Math Applications: Percentage of Welded Parts | p. 711 |

Welding Processes and Representations Test | p. 711 |

Welding Processes and Representations Problems | p. 712 |

Industrial Process Piping | p. 722 |

The Engineering Design Application | p. 722 |

Where Is Industrial Piping Used? | p. 722 |

What Is Pipe Drafting? | p. 722 |

Types of Pipe | p. 727 |

CADD Applications: Piping | p. 727 |

Pipe Connection Methods | p. 731 |

Fittings | p. 733 |

CADD Applications: Three-Dimensional System Models | p. 735 |

Flanges | p. 736 |

Valves | p. 738 |

Pipe Drafting | p. 744 |

Piping Details | p. 747 |

CADD Applications: 3-D Digitizing | p. 756 |

Layout Techniques | p. 757 |

Professional Perspective | p. 758 |

Math Application | p. 759 |

Industrial Process Piping Test | p. 759 |

Industrial Process Piping Problems | p. 760 |

Structural Drafting | p. 765 |

The Engineering Design Application | p. 765 |

Line Work | p. 766 |

Lettering | p. 766 |

Coordination of Working Drawings | p. 766 |

Structural Drafting Related to Construction Systems | p. 769 |

Concrete Construction | p. 769 |

Concrete Block Construction | p. 776 |

Wood Construction | p. 777 |

Steel Construction | p. 789 |

Common Connection Methods | p. 793 |

Components in a Set of Structural Drawings | p. 796 |

CADD Applications: Structural Drafting | p. 797 |

Drawing Revisions | p. 804 |

Basic Drawing Layout Steps | p. 807 |

Pictorial Drawings | p. 810 |

Web Site Research | p. 810 |

CADD Applications | p. 812 |

Professional Perspective | p. 812 |

Math Application: Designing An Observation Platform | p. 813 |

Structural Drafting Test | p. 813 |

Structural Drafting Problems | p. 814 |

Heating, Ventilating, and Air-Conditioning (HVAC)/Pattern Development and Precision Sheet Metal Drafting | p. 828 |

The Engineering Design Application | p. 828 |

HVAC Drafting and Pattern Development | p. 829 |

HVAC Systems | p. 829 |

Ventilation | p. 831 |

Thermostat | p. 832 |

HVAC Symbols | p. 832 |

HVAC Drawings | p. 832 |

CADD Applications: HVAC Pictorials | p. 835 |

Sheet Metal Drafting | p. 842 |

Drawing Revisions | p. 842 |

CADD Applications: HVAC Industry | p. 844 |

Pattern Development | p. 846 |

Intersections | p. 855 |

CADD Applications: Sheet Metal Pattern Design | p. 857 |

Material Bending and Chassis Layout | p. 861 |

CADD Applications: Precision Sheet Metal Fabrication | p. 863 |

Professional Perspective | p. 864 |

Math Application: Sheet Metal Bend Angles | p. 865 |

HVAC/Sheet Metal Drafting Test | p. 865 |

HVAC/Sheet Metal Drafting Problems | p. 866 |

Electrical and Electronic Schematic Drafting | p. 883 |

The Engineering Design Application | p. 883 |

Fundamentals of Electrical Diagrams | p. 884 |

Generation, Transmission, and Distribution of Electricity | p. 887 |

The Electric Power Substation Design Drawings | p. 888 |

Residential and Commercial Electrical Plans | p. 893 |

Professional Perspective | p. 895 |

Electronic Schematic Drafting | p. 898 |

Electronic Diagrams | p. 899 |

Printed Circuit Technology | p. 909 |

Pictorial Drawings | p. 917 |

CADD Applications: Computer-Aided Engineering (CAE) | p. 919 |

Professional Perspective | p. 920 |

Math Application: Working with Powers of Ten | p. 920 |

Electrical and Electronic Schematic Drafting Test | p. 921 |

Electrical and Electronic Schematic Drafting Problems | p. 922 |

Appendices | p. 945 |

Glossary | p. 997 |

Index | p. 1005 |

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