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INTRODUCTIONResponding to Literature Emily Dickinson, There Is No Frigate Like A BookWhy We Read LiteratureReading Actively and CriticallyReading Fiction The Methods of Fiction Tone Plot Characterization Setting Point of View Irony Theme Questions for Exploring FictionReading Poetry Walt Whitman, When I Heard the Learn'd AstronomeWord ChoiceFigurative Language Metaphor Simile Personification Allusion Symbols The Music of Poetry Questions for Exploring PoetryReading Drama Stages and Staging The Elements of Drama Characters Dramatic Irony Plot and Conflict Questions for Exploring DramaReading Nonfiction Types of Nonfiction Narrative Nonfiction Descriptive Nonfiction Expository Nonfiction Argumentative Nonfiction Analyzing Nonfiction The Thesis Structure and Detail Style and Tone Questions for Exploring NonfictionWriting about LiteratureResponding to Your Reading Annotating While You Read William Shakespeare, Sonnet 29 Freewriting Keeping a Journal Exploring and Planning Asking Good Questions Establishing a Working Thesis Gathering Information Organizing InformationDrafting the Essay Refining Your Opening Supporting Your ThesisRevising the Essay Editing Your Draft Selecting Strong Verbs Eliminating Unnecessary Modifiers Grammatical Connections Proofreading Your DraftSome Common Writing Assignments Explication Analysis Comparison and ContrastThe Research PaperAn Annotated Student Research PaperSome Matters of Form and Documentation Titles Quotations Brackets and Ellipses Quotation Marks and Other PunctuationDocumentation Documenting Online SourcesA Checklist for Writing about Literature INNOCENCE AND EXPERIENCEQuestions for Thinking and WritingFiction Nathaniel Hawthorne, Young Goodman Brown John Updike, A & P Toni Cade Bambara, The Lesson Jamaica Kincaid, Girl *Daniel Orozco, Orientation Hari Kunzru, Raj, Bohemian*CONNECTING STORIES: Crushes James Joyce, Araby *Rivka Galchen, Wild Berry Blue*CASE STUDY: Flannery O'Connor in a Critical Context Flannery O'Connor, A Good Man Is Hard to Find *Flannery O'Connor, from Mystery & Manners *Rebecca R. Butler, What's So Funny about Flannery O'Connor? *Hallman B. Bryant, Reading the Map in "A Good Man Is Hard to Find" *Robert H. Brinkmeyer, Flannery O'Connor and Her Readers *Joseph O'Neil, Touched by EvilPoetry William Blake, The Chimney Sweeper William Blake, The Lamb William Blake, The Garden of Love William Blake, London William Blake, The Tyger Robert Browning, My Last Duchess Emily Dickinson, I felt a Funeral, in my Brain Thomas Hardy, The Ruined Maid Gerard Manley Hopkins, Spring and Fall A.E. Housman, Terence, This Is Stupid Stuff A.E. Housman, When I Was One-and-Twenty William Butler Yeats, Leda and the Swan Robert Frost, The Road Not Taken Robert Frost, Birches e.e. cummings, In Just — Stevie Smith, Not Waving but Drowning Stevie Smith, To Carry the Child Countee Cullen, Incident Dylan Thomas, Fern Hill Lawrence Ferlinghetti, Constantly Risking Absurdity Philip Larkin, A Study of Reading Habits Philip Larkin, This Be the Verse *Anthony Hecht, After the Rain Audra Lorde, Hanging Fire *Jean Nordhaus, A Dandelion for My Mother Louise Gluck, The School Children *Alan Feldman, My Century Hanan Mikha'il 'Ashrawi, From the Diary of an Almost-Four-Year-Old Katherine McAlpine, Plus C'est la Meme Chose Sandra Cisneros, My Wicked Wicked Ways *Sandra Castillo, Christmas, 1970 *Spencer Reese, The Manhattan Project *Carrie Fountain, Experience Evelyn Lau, SolipsismCONNECTING POEMS: Revisiting Fairy Tales Anne Sexton, Cinderella Bruce Bennett, The True Story of Snow White Marilyn Hacker, Conte Katharyn Howd Machan, Hazel Tells LaVerneCONNECTING POEMS: Voices of Experience Langston Hughes, Mother to Son Peter Meinke, Advice to My Son Robert Mezey, My Mother Molly Peacock, Our Room Gary Soto, Behind Grandma's House*CONNECTING POEMS: Happy Holidays *W. S. Merwin, Thanks *Carl Dennis, Thanksgiving Letter from Harry *Sheila Ortiz Taylor, The Way Back *James Welch, Christmas Comes to Moccasin Flat *Maggie Nelson, ThanksgivingDrama Henrik Ibsen, A Doll's House Suzan-Lori Parks, Father Comes Home from the WarsNonfiction Langston Hughes, Salvation Judith Ortiz Cofer, American History Brian Doyle, Pop ArtCONNECTING NONFICTION: Graduating *David Sedaris, What I Learned, And What I Said at Princeton David Foster Wallace, Commencement Speech, Kenyon CollegeFurther Questions for Thinking and Writing CONFORMITY AND REBELLIONQuestions for Thinking and WritingFiction Herman Melville, Bartleby, the Scrivener Franz Kafka, A Hunger Artist Ralph Ellison, Battle Royal Shirley Jackson, The Lottery Ursula K. Le Guin, The Ones Who Walk Away from Omelas Amy Tan, Two Kinds Aimee Bender, Tiger MendingCONNECTING STORIES: Superantiheroes Harlan Ellison, "Repent, Harlequin!" Said the Ticktockman Jonathan Lethem, Super Goat ManPoetry *John Donne, Holy Sonnets: "If poisonous minerals, and if that tree" *Richard Crashaw, But Men Loved Darkness rather than Light Phyllis Wheatley, On Being Brought from Africa to America William Wordsworth, The World Is Too Much with Us Alfred, Lord Tennyson, Ulysses Emily Dickinson, Much Madness is divinest Sense Emily Dickinson, She rose to His Requirement William Butler Yeats, Easter 1916 William Butler Yeats, The Second Coming *Carl Sandburg, I Am the People, the Mob Wallace Stevens, Sunday Morning Anna Akhmatova, from Requiem Claude McKay, If We Must Die Langston Hughes, Harlem W.H. Auden, The Unknown Citizen Dudley Randall, Ballad of Birmingham Henry Reed, Naming of Parts Gwendolyn Brooks, We Real Cool *Donald Davie, The Nonconformist Philip Levine, What Work Is Marge Piercy, The Market Economy *Marvin Klotz, God: The Villanelle Richard Garcia, Why I Left the Church Carolyn Forche, The Colonel *Natasha Tretheway, FlounderCONNECTING POEMS: Revolutionary Thinking William Butler Yeats, The Great Day Robert Frost, A Semi-Revolution Oscar Williams, A Total Revolution Nikki Giovanni, Dreams*CONNECTING POEMS: Revising America *Walt Whitman, One Song, America, Before I Go *Langston Hughes, I, Too *Allen Ginsberg, A Supermarket in California *Shirley Geok-Lin Lim, Learning to Love AmericaCONNECTING POEMS: Soldiers' Protests Thomas Hardy, The Man He Killed Wilfred Owen, Dulce et Decorum Est Hanan Mikha'il 'Ashrawi, Night Patrol Steve Earle, Rich Man's War *Kevin C. Powers, Letter Composed During a Lull in the FightingDrama *Sophocles, AntigoneNonfiction Jonathan Swift, A Modest Proposal *Jamaica Kincaid, On Seeing England for the First TimeCONNECTING NONFICTION: Weighing Belief E.L. Doctorow, Why We Are Infidels Salman Rushdie, "Imagine There's No Heaven"CASE STUDY: "Letter from Birmingham Jail" in Historical Context from The U.S. Constitution, Article I, Section 2 from Dred Scott v. Sandford Jim Crow Laws A Call for Unity from Alabama Clergymen The Birmingham Truce Agreement Martin Luther King Jr., Letter from Birmingham JailFurther Questions for Thinking and Writing CULTURE AND IDENTITYQuestions for Thinking and Writing Fiction Charlotte Perkins Gilman, The Yellow Wallpaper James Baldwin, Sonny's Blues Alice Walker, Everyday Use *Sherman Alexie, War Dances Jhumpa Lahiri, Hell-Heaven *Dagoberto Gilb, Uncle Rock *Yiyun Li, The Science of FlightCONNECTING STORIES: Insiders and Outcasts William Faulkner, A Rose for Emily Ha Jin, The BridegroomPoetry Emily Dickinson, I'm Nobody! Who Are You? *James Weldon Johnson, A Poet to His Baby Son Paul Laurence Dunbar, We Wear the Mask *Georgia Douglas Johnson, Old Black Men T.S. Eliot, The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock e.e. cummings, the Cambridge ladies who live in furnished souls Etheridge Knight, Hard Rock Returns to Prison from the Hospital for the Criminal Insane Yevgeny Yevtushenko, I Would Like Wole Soyinka, Telephone Conversation Kay Ryan, All Shall Be Restored Juan Felipe Herrera, 187 Reasons Why Mexicans Can't Cross the Border *Maggie Anderson, Long Story Judith Ortiz Cofer, Latin Women Pray Marilyn Chin, How I Got That Name *Alexandra Teague, Adjectives of Order Louise Erdrich, Dear John Wayne Joshua Clover, The Nevada Glassworks Kevin Young, Negative *Terrance Hayes, Roots*CONNECTING POEMS: Poetic Identities Walt Whitman, from Song of Myself *Frank O'Hara, My Heart *Billy Collins, Monday *Timothy Yu, Chinese Silence No. 22 *Carl Phillips, BlueCONNECTING POEMS: Fashioning Selves Emily Dickinson, What Soft—Cherubic Creatures— June Jordan, Memo: Marge Piercy, Barbie Doll Taslima Nasrin, Things Cheaply HadCONNECTING POEMS: Working Mothers Tess Gallagher, I Stop Writing the Poem Julia Alvarez, Woman's Work Rita Dove, My Mother Enters the Work Force Deborah Garrison, Sestina for the Working MotherDrama Lorraine Hansberry, A Raisin in the Sun David Henry Hwang, Trying to Find ChinatownNonfiction Virginia Woolf, What If Shakespeare Had Had a Sister? Zora Neale Hurston, How It Feels to Be Colored Me George Orwell, Shooting an Elephant*CONNECTING NONFICTION: Fitting In Bharati Mukherjee, Two Ways to Belong in America *Lacy M. Johnson, White Trash PrimerFurther Questions for Thinking and Writing LOVE AND HATEQuestions for Thinking and Writing Fiction Kate Chopin, The Storm *Zora Neale Hurston, Sweat Raymond Carver, What We Talk About When We Talk About Love Joyce Carol Oates, Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been? *Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie, Birdsong*CONNECTING STORIES: Having It All Ernest Hemingway, Hills Like White Elephants *David Foster Wallace, Good PeoplePoetry Sappho, With His Venom *Catullus, 85 Anonymous, Bonny Barbara Allan William Shakespeare, Sonnet 18 "Shall I compare thee to a summer's day?" William Shakespeare, Sonnet 29 "When, in disgrace with fortune and men's eyes" *William Shakespeare, Sonnet 64 "When I have seen by Time's fell hand defaced" William Shakespeare, Sonnet 116, "Let me not to the marriage of true minds" William Shakespeare, Sonnet 130 "My mistress' eyes are nothing like the sun" John Donne, The Flea *John Donne, The Prohibition John Donne, A Valediction: Forbidding Mourning Ben Jonson, Song, to Celia Lady Mary Wroth, Am I thus conquered? Robert Herrick, To the Virgins, to Make Much of Time Anne Bradstreet, To My Dear and Loving Husband *Katherine Philips, Friendship's Mystery, to My Dearest Lucasia *Ephelia, To My Rival William Blake, A Poison Tree Robert Burns, A Red, Red Rose Matthew Arnold, Dover Beach Robert Frost, Fire and Ice Dorothy Parker, One Perfect Rose e.e. cummings, she being Brand Theodore Roethke, I Knew a Woman Elizabeth Bishop, One Art John Frederick Nims, Love Poem Wislawa Szymborska, A Happy Love Lisa Mueller, Happy and Unhappy Families Carolyn Kizer, Bitch Galway Kinnell, After Making Love We Hear Footsteps Adrienne Rich, Living in Sin Sylvia Plath, Daddy Lucille Clifton, There Is a Girl Inside Seamus Heaney, Valediction *Robert Hass, Meditation at Lagunitas Billy Collins, Sonnet Sharon Olds, Sex without Love Deborah Pope, Getting Through Wyatt Prunty, Learning the Bicycle *Adrian Blevins, The Case Against April *Daisy Fried, Econo Motel, Ocean City*CONNECTING POEMS: Looking Back on Love *Sir Thomas Wyatt, They Flee from Me *Lady Mary Wroth, "Come darkest night, becoming sorrow best" *Sharon Olds, My Father's Diary *Dean Young, Winged PurposesCONNECTING POEMS: Remembering Fathers Theodore Roethke, My Papa's Waltz Robert Hayden, Those Winter Sundays Molly Peacock, Say You Love Me Li-Young Lee, Eating AloneCONNECTING POEMS: Proposals and Replies Sir Walter Raleigh, The Nymph's Reply to the Shepherd Christopher Marlowe, The Passionate Shepherd to his Love Andrew Marvell, To His Coy Mistress Annie Finch, Coy MistressDrama*CASE STUDY: Cultural Contexts for Othello William Shakespeare, Othello *Juan Louis Vives, from Instruction of a Christian Woman *George Best, from A True Discourse of the Late Voyages of Discovery *Robert Burton, from Anatomy of Melancholy *Francis Bacon, from The Essays or Counsels, Civil and Moral Susan Glaspell, Trifles *Lynn Nottage, Poof!Nonfiction Paul, 1 Corinthians 13 Maxine Hong Kingston, No Name Woman Stuart Lishan, Winter Count, 1964 Grace Talusan, My Father's Noose*CONNECTING NONFICTION: Love in the Digital Age *Katha Pollitt, Webstalker *Megan Daum, Virtual LoveFurther Questions for Thinking and Writing LIFE AND DEATHQuestions for Thinking and Writing Fiction Edgar Allen Poe, The Cask of Amontillado Leo Tolstoy, The Death of Ivan Ilyich *Kate Chopin, The Story of an Hour Tim O'Brien, The Things They Carried Leslie Marmon Silko, The Man to Send Rain Clouds Helena Maria Viramontes, The Moths*CONNECTING STORIES: Between Life and Death Katherine Anne Porter, The Jilting of Granny Weatherall *Tobias Wolff, Bullet in the Brain*CONNECTING STORIES: Endangered Species *T.C. Boyle, Admiral *Lydia Millet, Girl & GiraffePoetry Anonymous, Edward William Shakespeare, Sonnet 73 "That time of year thou mayst in me behold" William Shakespeare, Fear No More the Heat o' the Sun John Donne, Death, Be Not Proud Percy Bysshe Shelley, Ozymandias John Keats, Ode on a Grecian Urn Emily Dickinson, After great pain, a formal feeling comes Emily Dickinson, I heard a Fly buzz—when I died Emily Dickinson, Apparently with no surprise Emily Dickinson, Because I could not stop for Death *Gerard Manley Hopkins, God's Grandeur A.E. Housman, To an Athlete Dying Young William Butler Yeats, Sailing to Byzantium Edwin Arlington Robinson, Richard Cory Robert Frost, After Apple-Picking Robert Frost, "Out, Out—" Robert Frost, Nothing Gold Can Stay Robert Frost, Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening Robert Frost, Design Pablo Neruda, The Dead WomanCASE STUDY: Poems about Paintings W.H. Auden, Musee des Beaux Arts Pieter Brueghal the Elder, Landscape with the Fall of Icarus Lawrence Ferlinghetti, In Goya's Greatest Scenes Francisco de Goya, The Third of May, 1808, Madrid Anne Sexton, The Starry Night Vincent van Gogh, The Starry Night Donald Finkel, The Great Wave: Hokusai Katsushika Hokusai, The Great Wave of Kanagawa Dylan Thomas, Do Not Go Gentle into That Good Night Catherine Davis, After a Time *Donald Hall, Affirmation Mary Oliver, When Death Comes *Alicia Ostriker, Daffodils Seamus Heaney, Mid-term Break Janice Mirikitani, Suicide Note Jane Kenyon, Let Evening Come Yusef Komunyakaa, Facing It Victor Hernandez Cruz, Problems with Hurricanes *Mark Halliday, Chicken Salad *Linda Gregerson, Sweet *Marie Howe, What The Living Do *Mark Turpin, The Man Who Built This HouseCONNECTING POEMS: Animal Fates Elizabeth Bishop, The Fish William Stafford, Traveling Through the Dark *William Greenway, Pit Pony *Edward Hirsch, Wild Gratitude*CONNECTING POEMS: Seizing the Day *Rainer Maria Rilke, Archaic Torso of Apollo *James Wright, Lying in a Hammock at William Duffy's Farm in Pine Island, Minnesota *Billy Collins, Sandhill Cranes of Nebraska *Barbara Ras, You Can't Have It All *Tony Hoagland, I Have News for You*CONNECTING POEMS: Into the World *Gwendolyn Brooks, The Mother *Lisel Mueller, Curriculum Vitae *David Wojahn, August, 1953 *Sam Hamill, The Orchid FlowerDrama Woody Allen, Death KnocksNonfiction John Donne, Meditation XIV, from Devotions upon Emergent Occasions *Rachel Carson, The Obligation to Endure Jill Christman, The Sloth*CONNECTING NONFICTION: Closer to Death E.B. White, Once More to the Lake *Brian Doyle, Joyas Voladores *Chang-Rae Lee, Coming Home AgainFurther Questions for Thinking and Writing AppendicesGlossary of Critical Approaches Introduction Deconstruction Ethical Criticism Feminist Criticism Formalist Criticism Marxist Criticism Historical Criticism Psychoanalytic Criticism Postcolonial Criticism Reader-Response CriticismBiographical Notes on the AuthorsGlossary of Literary TermsIndex of Authors and Titles *new to this edition