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A global perspective on the major narratives of world history.
Written by leading scholars in their respective fields, The Heritage of World Civilizations offers compelling and thorough coverage of the unique heritage of Asian, African, Middle Eastern, European and American civilizations while highlighting the role of the world's great religious and philosophical traditions. This comprehensive yet accessible survey of world history has been extensively revised to provide an even more global and comparative perspective on the events and processes that have shaped our increasingly interdependent world.
Note: MyHistoryLab does not come automatically packaged with this text. To purchase MyHistoryLab at no extra charge, please visit www.MyHistoryLab.com or use ISBN: 9780205207572.
Part I : Human Origins and Early Civilizations to 500 B.C.E.
Chapter 1: The Birth of a Civilization
Early Humans and Their Culture
GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE Civilizations
... MOREEarly Civilizations in the Middle East to About 1000 B.C.E.
A CLOSER LOOK Babylonian World Map
Ancient Near Eastern Empires
Early Indian Civilization
Early Chinese Civilization
The Rise of Civilization in the Americas
Chapter 2: Four Great Revolutions in Thought and Religion
Comparing the Four Great Revolutions
Philosophy in China
GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE Philosophy and Religion
Religion in India
A CLOSER LOOK Statue of Siddhartha Gotama asFasting Ascetic (2nd Century C.E.)
The Religion of the Israelites
RELIGIONS OF THE WORLD Judaism
Part II: Empires and Cultures of the Ancient World, 1000 B.C.E. to 500 C.E.
Chapter 3: Greek and Hellenistic Civilization
The Bronze Age on Crete and on the Mainland to ca. 1150 B.C.E.
GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE The Achievement of Greek and Hellenistic Civilization
Greek “Middle Age” to ca. 750 B.C.E.
Expansion of the Greek World
Life in Archaic Greece
The Persian Wars
A CLOSER LOOK The Trireme
Emergence of the Hellenistic World
Chapter 4: West Asia, Inner Asia, and South Asia to 1000 C.E.
GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE Indo-Iranian Roles in the Eurasian World before Islam
West and Inner Asia
The Ancient Background
The First Persian Empire in the Iranian Plateau (550—330 B.C.E.)
The Seleucid Successors to Alexander in the East (ca. 312—63 B.C.E.)
The Parthian Arsacid Empire (ca. 247 B.C.E.—223 C.E.)
The Sasanid Empire (224—651 C.E.)
South Asia to 1000 C.E.
The First Indian Empire: The Mauryas (321—185 B.C.E.)
The Consolidation of Indian Civilization (ca. 200 B.C.E.—300 C.E.)
A CLOSER LOOK Lion Capital of Ashoka at Sarnath
The Golden Age of the Guptas (ca. 320—550 C.E.)
The Development of “Classical” Indian Civilization (ca. 300—1000 C.E.)
RELIGIONS OF THE WORLD Hinduism
Chapter 5: Africa: Early History to 1000 C.E.
Issues of Interpretation, Sources, and Disciplines
Physical Description of the Continent
GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE “Traditional” Peoples and Nontraditional Histories
The Sahara and the Sudan to the Beginning of the Common Era
Nilotic Africa and the Ethiopian Highlands
The Western and Central Sudan
Central, Southern, and East Africa
A CLOSER LOOK Four Rock Art Paintings from Tassili n-Ajjer (4000—2000 B.C.E.)
Chapter 6: Republican and Imperial Rome
GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE Republican and Imperial Rome
A CLOSER LOOK Lictors
Civilization in the Early Roman Republic:
The Fall of the Republic
The Augustan Principate
Civilization of the Ciceronian and Augustan Ages
Peace and Prosperity: Imperial Rome (14—180 C.E.)
The Rise of Christianity
The Crisis of the Third Century
The Late Empire
Arts and Letters in the Late Empire
The Problem of the Decline and Fall of the Empire in the West
Chapter 7: China's First Empire, 221 B.C.E.—589 C.E.
Qin Unification of China
GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE China’s First Empire
Former Han Dynasty (206 B.C.E.—8 C.E.)
A CLOSER LOOK The Terra-Cotta Army of the First Qin Emperor
Later Han (25—220 C.E.) and Its Aftermath
Han Thought and Religion
Part III: Consolidation and Interaction of World Civilizations, 500 C.E. to 1500 C.E.
Chapter 8: Imperial China, 589—1368
Reestablishment of Empire: Sui (589—618) and Tang (618—907) Dynasties
GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE Imperial China
A CLOSER LOOK A Tang Painting of the Goddess of Mercy
Transition to Late Imperial China: The Song Dynasty (960—1279)
China in the Mongol World Empire: The Yuan Dynasty (1279—1368)
Chapter 9: Early Japanese History
GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE East Asia
Nara and Heian Japan
Japan’s Early Feudal Age
A CLOSER LOOK The East Meets the East
RELIGIONS OF THE World Buddhism
Chapter 10: The Formation of Islamic Civilization, 622—100
Origins and Early Development
GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE The Early Islamic Worlds of Arab and Persian Cultures
Women in Early Islamic Society
Early Islamic Conquests
The New Islamic World Order
A CLOSER LOOK The Dome of the Rock, Jerusalem (Interior)
The High Caliphate
Islamic Culture in the Classical Era
Chapter 11: The Byzantine Empire and Western Europe to 1000
The End of the Western Roman Empire
GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE The Early Middle Ages
The Impact of Islam on East and West
The Developing Roman Church
The Kingdom of the Franks
A CLOSER LOOK A Multicultural Book Cover
Chapter 12: The Islamic World, 1000—1500
the islamic heartlands
Religion and Society
GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE The Expansion of Islamic Civilization, 1000—1500
A CLOSER LOOK Al-Hariri, Assemblies (Maqamat)
The Spread of Islam beyond the Heartlands
Islamic India and Southeast Asia
The Spread of Islam to South Asia
Islamic States and Dynasties
Religious and Cultural Accommodation
Hindu and Other Indian Traditions
Chapter 13: Ancient Civilizations of the Americas
GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE Ancient Civilizations of the Americas
Problems in Reconstructing the History of Native American Civilization
The Formative Period and the Emergence of Mesoamerican Civilization
The Classic Period in Mesoamerica
A CLOSER LOOK The Pyramid of the Sun in Teotihuacán
The Post-Classic Period
Andean South America
The Preceramic and the Initial Periods
Chavín de Huantar and the Early Horizon
The Early Intermediate Period
The Middle Horizon through the Late
The Inca Empire
Chapter 14: Africa CA. 1000—1700
North Africa and Egypt
The Spread of Islam South of the Sahara
GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE Africa, 1000—1700
Sahelian Empires of the Western and Central Sudan
The Eastern Sudan
The Forestlands–Coastal West and
A CLOSER LOOK Benin Bronze Plaque with Chief and Two Attendants
Chapter 15: Europe to the Early 1500s: Revival, Decline, and Renaissance
Revival of Empire, Church, and Towns
GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE The High Middle Ages in Western Europe
A CLOSER LOOK European Embrace of a Black Saint
Growth of National Monarchies
Political and Social Breakdown
Ecclesiastical Breakdown and Revival:
The Late Medieval Church
The Renaissance in Italy (1375—1527)
Revival of Monarchy: Nation Building in the Fifteenth Century
Part IV: The World in Transition, 1500 to 1850
Chapter 16: Europe, 1500—1650: Expansion, Reformation, and Religious Wars
The Discovery of a New World
GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE European Expansion
The Reformation’s Achievements
A CLOSER LOOK A Contemporary Commentary on the Sexes
The Wars of Religion
Superstition and Enlightenment: The Battle Within
RELIGIONS OF THE WORLD Christianity
Chapter 17: Conquest and Exploitation: The Development of the Transatlantic Economy
Periods of European Overseas Expansion
Mercantilist Theory of Economic Exploitation
GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE The Atlantic World
Establishment of the Spanish Empire in America
Economies of Exploitation in the Spanish Empire
French and British Colonies in North America
The Columbian Exchange: Disease, Animals, and Agriculture
Slavery in the Americas
Africa and the Transatlantic Slave Trade
A CLOSER LOOK The Slave Ship Brookes
Albert M. Craig is the Harvard-Yenching research professor of history emeritus at Harvard University, where he has taught since 1959. A graduate of Northwestern University, he received his Ph.D. at Harvard University. He has studied at Strasbourg University and at Kyoto, Keio and Tokyo universities in Japan. He is the author of Choshu in the Meiji Restoration (1961), The Heritage of Japanese Civilization (2011) and, with others, East Asia , Tradition and Transformation (1989). He is the editor of Japan , A Comparative View (1973) and co-editor of Personality in Japanese History (1970) and Civilization and Enlightnment: the Early Thought of Fukuzawa Yukichi (2009). He was the director of the Harvard-Yenching Institute. He has also been a visiting professor at Kyoto and Tokyo universities. He has received Guggenheim, Fulbright and Japan Foundation Fellowships. In 1988 he was awarded the Order of the Rising Sun by the Japanese government.
William A. Graham is the Albertson professor of Middle Eastern studies in the faculty of arts and sciences and the O’Brian professor of divinity and dean in the faculty of divinity at Harvard University, where he has taught for 34 years. He has directed the Center for Middle Eastern Studies and chaired the Department of Near Eastern Languages and Civilizations, the Committee on the Study of Religion and the Core Curriculum Committee on Foreign Cultures. He received his B.A. in comparative literature from University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill and an A.M. and Ph.D. in history of religion from Harvard. He also studied in Göttingen, Tübingen, Lebanon and London. He is the former chair of the Council on Graduate Studies in Religion (U.S. and Canada). In 2000 he received the quinquennial Award for Excellence in Research in Islamic History and Culture from the Research Centre for Islamic History, Art and Culture (IRCICA) of the Organisation of the Islamic Conference. He has held John Simon Guggenheim and Alexander von Humboldt research fellowships and is a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Among his publications are Beyond the Written Word: Oral Aspects of Scripture in the History of Religion (1987); Divine Word and Prophetic Word in Early Islam (1977—ACLS History of Religions Prize, 1978) and Three Faiths, One God (co-authored, 2003).
Donald Kagan is the Sterling professor of history and classics at Yale University, where he has taught since 1969. He received an A.B. degree in history from Brooklyn College, an M.A. in classics from Brown University and a Ph.D. in history from Ohio State University. Between 1958 and 1959 he studied at the American School of Classical Studies as a Fulbright scholar. He has received three awards for undergraduate teaching at Cornell and Yale. He is the author of a history of Greek political thought, The Great Dialogue (1965); a four-volume history of the Peloponnesian war, The Origins of the Peloponnesian War (1969); The Archidamian War (1974); The Peace of Nicias and the Sicilian Expedition (1981); The Fall of the Athenian Empire (1987); a biography of Pericles, Pericles of Athens and the Birth of Democracy (1991); On the Origins of War (1995) and The Peloponnesian War (2003). He is co-author, with Frederick W. Kagan, of While America Sleeps (2000). With Brian Tierney and L. Pearce Williams, he is the editor of Great Issues in Western Civilization, a collection of readings. He was awarded the National Humanities Medal for 2002 and was chosen by the National Endowment for the Humanities to deliver the Jefferson Lecture in 2004.
Steven Ozment is the McLean professor of ancient and modern history at Harvard University. He has taught western civilization at Yale, Stanford and Harvard. He is the author of 11 books. The Age of Reform, 1250–1550 (1980) won the Schaff Prize and was nominated for the 1981 National Book Award. Five of his books have been selections of the History Book Club: Magdalena and Balthasar: An Intimate Portrait of Life in Sixteenth Century Europe (1986), Three Behaim Boys: Growing Up in Early Modern Germany (1990), Protestants: The Birth of A Revolution (1992), The Burgermeister’s Daughter: Scandal in a Sixteenth Century German Town (1996) and Flesh and Spirit: Private Life in Early Modern Germany (1999). His most recent publications are Ancestors: The Loving Family of Old Europe (2001), A Mighty Fortress: A New History of the German People (2004) and “Why We Study Western Civ,” The Public Interest 158 (2005).
Frank M. Turner was the John Hay Whitney professor of history at Yale University and director of the Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library at Yale University, where he served as university provost from 1988 to 1992. He received his B.A. degree at the College of William and Mary and his Ph.D. from Yale. He received the Yale College Award for Distinguished Undergraduate Teaching. He directed a national endowment for the Humanities Summer Institute. His scholarly research received the support of fellowships from the National Endowment for the Humanities and the Guggenheim Foundation and the Woodrow Wilson Center. He is the author of Between Science and Religion: The Reaction to Scientific Naturalism in Late Victorian England (1974), The Greek Heritage in Victorian Britain (1981), which received the British Council Prize of the Conference on British Studies and the Yale Press Governors Award, Contesting Cultural Authority: Essays in Victorian Intellectual Life (1993) and John Henry Newman: The Challenge to Evangelical Religion (2002). He has also contributed numerous articles to journals and has served on the editorial advisory boards of The Journal of Modern History, Isis and Victorian Studies. He edited The Idea of a University by John Henry Newman (1996), Reflections on the Revolution in France by Edmund Burke (2003) and Apologia Pro Vita Sua and Six Sermons by John Henry Newman (2008). Between l996 and 2006 he served as a trustee of Connecticut College and between 2004 and 2008 as a member of the Connecticut Humanities Council.