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Annual Editions: Adolescent Psychology 14/15
Developmental Assets Carol L. Tilley, School Library Monthly, April 2011
Adolescents should be viewed as individuals that "know beter than any adult what their needs are" and "have the capacity for positive growth and development". With this mind change comes a new term, positive youth development (PYD). PYD focuses on what adolescents can do and the positive impact they are capable of rather than the negativity that they are usually associated with. In the 1990's, Developmental Assets were developed as a framework for the positive choices that individuals make. These assets include 20 internal and 20 external factors that help provide these positive environments. For schools, it is important that opportunities are made reachable to these students in order for them to encounter these Developmental Assets. This includes creating partnership, supporting intentional learning, and promoting connectedness within the community.
The Independence of Young Adults, in Historical Perspective Michael J. Rosenfeld, Ph.D. Family Therapy, May/June 2010
An overview of the living arrangements of unmarried, young adults from the colonial period, through World War II to the present, and a look at the emergence of the Independent Life Stage in 1960.
Adolescent Decision Making: An Overview Bonnie Halpern-Felsher, Ph.D. The Prevention Researcher, April 2009
An important developmental task during adolescence is learning to make decisions, experiencing the related positive and negative consequences, and learning from these outcomes. However, youth's ability to make competent decisions is sometimes called into question because adolescence is also often a time of engagement in risky behaviors. This article provides an overview of adolescent decision making and discusses implications that are relevant to those who work with youth.
Fine Psychological "Engines" that Drive Adolescent Growth Carl E. Pickhart Psychology Today, September 2011
Adolescent development is driven behavior with fine psychological "engines" that fuel much of the drive. The five Include separation, expression?, differentiation, opposition, and responsibility. Each one has the same objective which is he achievement of grown up independence. The process takes a lot of energy and many conflicts arise. Both parents and adolescents pay their share of psychological cost.
Intuitive Risk Taking During Adolescence James D. Holland, M.A., and Paul A. Klaczynski, Ph.D. The Prevention Researcher, April 2009
Adolescents frequently engage in risky behaviors that endanger both themselves and others. Critical to the development of effective interventions is an understanding of the processes adolescents go through when deciding to take risks. This article explores two information processing systems: a slow, deliberative, analytic system and a quick, intuitive system. The advantages and disadvantages of reliance on intuitive decision making and the difficulties adolescents must overcome in overriding intuitive processing with analytic processing are featured.
Beautiful Brains David Dobbs, National Geographic, October 2011
The question asked by most adults, "What is wrong with teenagers' thinking?" is answered in this article. Before technology truly emerged people did not fully understand the human brain and still to this day do not. After brain imaging technology was developed scientists were able to see that adolescents' brains were not fully developed and did not do so until mid twenties. Parents need not be overbearing and critical, but try to understand and guide their adolescent through this time. Adolescence is a very unique time during an individual's life and they should be allowed to explore own values and morals, but with guidance.
Mental Assessment Test Eddy Ramirez, U.S. News and World Report, May 12, 2008
This article discusses the challenges faced by college applicants with mental health issues, as well as the worries on the part of college admissions offices.
Body Dissatisfaction in Adolescent Females and Males: Risk and Resilience Katherine Presnell, Sarah Bearman, and Mary Clare Madeley, The Prevention Researcher, September 2007
An understanding of the factors that increase the risk for body dissatisfaction can help guide prevention efforts. This article examines the prevalence of body dissatisfaction among adolescent boys and girls, discusses the role of body dissatisfaction in psychological disorders, and explores predictors of the development of body dissatisfaction.
Judging Adolescents' Actions: Teen Mature Intellectually Before They Mature Emotionally Science Daily, Psychology Gives Courts, Policymakers Evidence to Help Judge Adolescents' Behaviors, apa.org, August 2012
Adolescents are held responsible for actions at the same rate of adults but the ability to decide is premature. Many states have begun to alter punishment in serious adolescent crimes because of this emotional immaturity. Life sentences without parole are less common now for adolescents for this reason. The article states that although an adolescent may have enough maturity to decide medical decisions they may not be able to rationally make decisions based upon extreme and sudden emotional situations.
Why There is more Emotional Intensity to Manage During Adolescence Carl E. Pickhart Psychology Today, July 2010
This article addressed the wide range of emotions that adolescents face as they move towards adulthood and how parents can help them learn to manage their emotions more effectively. It states that parents need to model safely talking out hard feelings and not exploding on their adolescent because that will encourage the teen to do the same. Teens need to be able to talk to their parents about their feelings. If teens learn to suppress their feelings when they are young then that will carry on into adulthood and future relationships with a spouse. Parents need to go slow and be empathetic and invite taling from their teen. Teens should use their feelings to become informed, but they should allow their thinking to decide what is best for them to do.
I Am Just Tired: How Sleep Affects Your Preteen Teri Brown, Parenting, February 2010
Dr. Schoumacher suggests that parents control the sleep that a preteen gets. Preteen is the last age at which a parent may be able to control this important need.
Supporting Youth during Parental Deployment: Strategies for Professionals and Families, Angela J. Huebner and Jay A. Mancini, The Prevention Researcher, December 2008 Supplement
The recent wars in Iraq and Afghanistan have heightened our awareness of the stresses placed on military service members and their families. This article explores the ways that youth development professionals can support youth and their families through all phases of military deployment.
When Play Turns to Trouble: Many Parents Are Now Wondering: How Much is Too Much? Jennifer Seter Wagner, U.S. News and World Report, May 19, 2008
Some parents are wondering: How much is too much time spendt playing computer and video games? Many teenagers are becoming addicted.
Aggression in Adolescent Dating Relationships: Predictors and Prevention Jennifer Connolly and Wendy Josephson, The Prevention Researcher, December 2007
In many adolescent_romantic relationships youth act aggressively toward each other. This article reviews adolescent dating aggression, focusing on warning signs and methods prevention.
Adolescence and the Loss of a Best Friend Carl E. Pickhart, Psychology Today, September 2012
Most adolescents wish they could be so lucky, but not everybody finds a best friend a great gift based on more confidential intimacy than with others and a special commitment. Grieving includes the question, how will they ever find as good a friend again? During adolescence there are several common causes for this loss to occur-when best friends grow apart, when contact is disrupted, and when love gets in the way.
Adolescent Sexuality Monique Long, UN Chronical, 2010
This article looks into sexual pattern of today's youth from a wide-array of countries. It is said that while more boys tend to have sex at an earlier age, more girls are considered sexually active than boys at age 15. In the United States it is common to promote abstinence but it is said to be "subject to cultural, social and religious differences, and its relevance and effectivness are always in question." The author (Long) of this article argues that youth should be educated in sexual activity and be able to determine what will help them prevent pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases. Long admits that regardless of cultural background sexuality in adolescents is occurring everywhere in the world.
Hooking Up and Sexual Risk Taking among College Students: A Health Belief Model Perspective Teresa M. Downing-Matibag and Brandi Geisinger, Qualitative Health Research, volume 19, September 2009
"Hooking up" on university campuses is not new. However, the sexual risk taking behaviors of college students during "hook ups" needs further research. This qualitative study yields interesting information about an understudied phenomenon.
Early Adolescent Sexual Risk Behavior: The Clinician's Role Christopher Houck, CABL, July 2010
Due to the engagement of sex in early adolescence there are high risk factors for this population. To reduce risks clinicians and families need to intervene by talking to them about sex. Family members can have a hard time in discussing the topic. Clinicians can help by talking with the child or adolescent and by guiding the family member on how to approach and talk about the topic.
The `Alarming' State of Reading in America Chuck Leddy, The Writer, May 2008
This article is based on the report entitled "To Read or Not to Read" released by the National Endowment for the Arts. There is a severe drop in reading among teenagers. The NEA report notes that 38 percent of employers rate high school graduates as "deficient" in reading skills.
School-Based Efforts to Prevent Cyberbullying Justin W. Patchin and Sameer Hinduja, September 2012
While bullying historically has occurred within or in close proximity to the school, advances in communication technologies have allowed bullies to extend their reach through cyberbullying. This article shares school-based prevention strategies that appear fruitful in reducing the prevalence and seriousness of cyberbullying.
Service Learning Enhances Education for Young Adolescents Kathy Payne and Betty Edwards, Phi Delta Kappan, 2010
The authors discuss how service learning can engage young adolescents in their education. It makes the point that many children decide to drop out of school in middle school, not high school. They drop out because they do not feel a connection or interest in their classes. Service learning is discussed as a way to engage students in their learning, so they can see a purpose to it beyond the walls of classroom. Adolescents, according to the research, prefer active learning. Service learning falls into that category. It also provides leadership experiences for students and allows them to take a greater amount of ownership in their learning.
The Benefits and Risks of Adolescent Employment Jeylan T. Mortimer, The Prevention Researcher, April 2010
Much controversy surrounds the consequences of adolescent paid work and whether it is good or bad for youth. This article summarizes findings from the Youth Development Study, which show that the effects of teen employment on the successful transition to adulthood depends on its patterning through the years of high school and its quality. The article concludes with a discussion of what parents, counselors, and others can do to help youth make sound employment-related decisions to assure effective career exploration and a successful school-to-work transition.
Using Technology for Career Development of K-12 Students Carol Klose Smith, NDA Career Development, Winter 2011
Educational and career planning begins in elementary school and continues through high school for students. The use of technology has dramatically increased and is being used for the needs of students. The expansion of what web-based technology can offer students in learning more about different careers is extraordinry. Even though there are a lot of advantages for students using technology there are still disadvantages. This though does not change the fact that students can greatly benefit from the web-based technology to further advance their educational and career planning.
Why Teenagers Find Learning a Drag Jessica Hamzelon, New Scientist, March 2010
New studies reveal possible reasons why teenagers find learning a drag. Possible solutions are suggested.
Thousands Need Teens to Lead Them Back to School, Jennifer A. Leigh, Psychology Today, February 12, 2010
There are three types of teens. The author addresses the question "Can one shape a teen's brain to lead? "
Finding a Job in the 21st Century John A. Challenger, The Futurist, September/October 2009
The author suggests an educational semester abroad for young adults. Future careers will require creative candidates who have cultural flexibility. Technology will allow employees to face their clients overseas and telecommute home. Over 17 million Americans now work remotely from their offices. Health care is an industry especially in need of remote e-learning and computer databases.
Sexting and Social Media in Today's Adolescent: Peer Norms, Problems, and Provider Responsibility Liwei L. Hua, CABL, April 2012
There is a growing problem with the misuse of social media, defined as Internet and cellphones in this article, among adolescents. A percentage of adolescents are using social media for the purpose of sexting. Most adolescents do not know the risks that go along with this. To reduce the misuseof these networking devices, clinicians advise that adolescents be educated on the negative outcomes that can occur.
Interview with Dr. Craig Anderson: Video Game Violence Sarah Howe, Jennifer Stigge, and Brooke Sixta, PSI CHI, Summer 2008
A scientist, with ongoing research on video game technology, has ample evidence to support increased aggression in children and adolescents who play violent video games. Those with high trait aggressiveness are more influenced to behave with hostility. However, those low in trait aggressiveness are equally affected. Studies about the effect on brain development (ADHD, addiction) continue.
Supporting the Grieving Adolescent: An Interview with a 21st Century Perspective Carol A. Thomas, The Prevention Researcher, September, 2011
This interview, conducted with a Bereavement Coordinator and Counselor at a hospice program, is intended to provide information for adults who work with grieving adolescents. Readers will gain insight into the mourning process and will be better positioned to effectively help struggling adolescents understand their own grief.
Adolescent Nonmedical Prescription Drug Use Jason A. Ford and William C. Watkins, The Prevention Researcher, February 2012
This introductory article provides an overview of the research on adolescent nonmedical prescription drug use. It will inform professionals who work with youth about prevelence, demographic characteristics of users, risk factors for use, and other important themes.
Bullying Amoung U.S. Adolescents Jing Wang and Ronald J. Iannotti, The Prevention Researcher, September 2012
This introductory article describes the prevalence and demographic differences for both traditional bullying and cyberbullying amoung U.S. adolescents. Then it reviews risk and protective factors, potential impacts, and findings on the relationships between traditional bullying and cyberbullying. It ends with a discussion on the effectiveness of current prevention and intervention programs.
Texting May be Taking a Toll Katie Hafner, The New York Times, May 2009
Texting can cause health issues and developmental issues. Health issues that physicians are concerned about include irregular sleeping patterns, lack of focus at school, and connections to parents. Teens are staying up all hours texting causing them to have trouble sleeping. Also, because many teens are texting during school, their grades are falling and they are having trouble focusing. Teens can constantl stay in connection with their parents, they aren't making choices on their own. However, texting can also be positive because it offers a sense of connectedness and companionship. It can also allow teens to have a sense of independence. The important factor is that parents should be in tune withtheir teen's cell phone use and monitor it. It can be a great tool when used appropriately.
Non-Suicidal Self-Injury in Adolescents Elizabeth E. Lloyd-Richardson, The Prevention Researcher, February 2010
While awareness of non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) appears to be increading, it remains one of the most difficult behaviors to encounter, with few professionals feeling well equipped to handle these situations. This introductory article aims to define NSSI, describe its prevalence, and identify common risk factors among adolescents; distinguish NSSI from suicidal behaviors; and explore the motivations for engaging in NSSI.
Youth's Reactions to Disasters and the Factors That Influence Their Response Betty Pfefferbaum et al. The Prevention Researcher, September 2008
A number of factors can contribute to youth's reactions to disasters. These factors can include characteristics of the event; the nature of the youth's exposure; and individual, family, and social predictors. This article describes both outcomes and predictors in order to prepare professionals who may work with youth in post-disaster situations.